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Slave Narrative of Edna Boysaw

Interviewer: Walter R. Harris Person Interviewed: Edna Boysaw Location: Brazil, Indiana Age: (about) 87 Special Assignment Walter R. Harris District #3 Clay County LIFE STORY OF EX-SLAVE MRS. EDNA BOYSAW Mrs. Boysaw has been a citizen of this community about sixty-five years. She resides on a small farm, two miles east of Brazil on what is known as the Pinkley Street Road. This has been her home for the past forty years. Her youngest son and the son of one of her daughters lives with her. She is still very active, doing her housework and other chores about the farm. She is very intelligent and according to statements made by other citizens has always been a respected citizen in the community, as also has her entire family. She is the mother of twelve children. Mrs. Boysaw has always been an active church worker, spending much time in missionary work for the colored people. Her work was so outstanding that she has been often called upon to speak, not only in the colored churches, but also in white churches, where she was always well received. Many of the most prominent people of the community number Mrs. Boysaw as one of their friends and her home is visited almost daily by citizens in all walks of life. Her many acts of kindness towards her neighbors and friends have endeared her to the people of Brazil, and because of her long residence in the community, she is looked upon as one of the pioneers. Mrs. Boysaw’s husband has been dead for thirty-five years. Her children are located in various cities throughout the...

Biography of Boyd Elias Pollom

The men who came to Shawnee County in 1871 were of necessity patient plodders, content to await the rewards of a developing civilization. There were no short cuts to fortune such as fired the zeal of the argonauts of ’49, but there existed sane and practical opportunities for the man to whom labor was a beneflcent and necessary festure of his existence. To such a class belonged William Pollom, father of Boyd Elias Pollom, the latter one of the successful agrienlturists and substantial citizens of the vicinity of North Topeka. William Pollom was born in Ohio, in 1838, a son of Joseph Pollom, of Pennsylvania-Dutch antecedents who was a pioneer of both Ohio and Indiana. William Pollom grew up as a farmer, a vocation which he followed throughout his life, with short periods of participation in sawmilling, as timber in his community was very plentiful during his young manhood. He was married in 1856 to Ann Boyd, of Muskingum County, Ohio, and not long thereafter moved to Clay County, Indiana, and then to Putnam County, in the same state. A loyal Union man, never afrald to express his views, he enlisted in the Fifty-first Regiment, Indiana Volunteer Infantry, during the Civil war and fought with that organization until wounded in battle, when he returned to Putnam County and thereafter did duty as a home guard as long as the war lasted. While he was greatly interested in local political affairs, he never sought office. Mr. Pollom was an upright citizen, of high moral character, who never used intoxicating liquor, and a devout member of the Methodist Church. In 1871,...

Biography of Edward Thomas James

Among the veterans of the great Civil war who came in numbers to Kansas following the end of strife, was Edward Thomas James, whose useful and honorable life closed on December 6, 1915. For almost a half century he was one of the representative men of Shawnee County, an active force in the development of this section and one who will long be remembered for his sterling traits of character. Edward Thomas James was born in Talbot County, Maryland, August 27, 1830. At the time of his death he was the only survivor of his parents’ family of three children. His only sister died in infancy. Between himself and his brother W. Lambert, three years his junior, there existed the closest affection until the latter’s death. In his youth Mr. James had only limited educational opportunities but a love of reading and contact with many phases of life provided him with information on every subject and caused him in later years to be chosen for offices of trust and responsibility in his community. In 1857 he moved with his family to Indiana and shortly after Civil war was declared he enlisted for service in the Union army, becoming a member of the Ninth Indiana Infantry. He fell sick and was- granted a furlough but subsequently re-enlisted and continued in the army until the close of the war. In 1867, accompanied by his own and several other families, Mr. James made the overland trip to Topeka, from Brazil, Indiana, six weeks being consumed in the journey. Mr. James resided near Topeka until 1871 when he moved to a farm west...

Biography of W. M. Ealey

W. M. Ealey, who has followed a varied and active career as a teacher, minister of the Gospel and as an earnest, hard-working citizen in whatever capacity life has called him, has for many years been a resident of Champaign County. He was born near Brazil in Clay County, Indiana, May 18, 1853, a son of William and Wealthy (Hicks) Ealey, his father a native of Kentucky and his mother of Indiana. His mother was born August 30, 1834, and is still living at Urbana at the age of eighty-three. William Ealey went into the Union army from Indiana as a member of Company F of the One Hundred and Forty-ninth Indiana Infantry. After nine months he was discharged from duty on account of illness. He was a farmer by occupation, and in April, 1891, removed to Champaign County, Illinois, where his death occurred in August, 1895. Of his five children W. M. Ealey is the oldest. Clara J. is the wife of John Gibbens of Clay County, Indiana; Sarah A. is the wife of John Barnett of Saskatchewan, Canada; George, a resident of Clay County, Indiana; and Emma, wife of Albert Muncie of Brazil, Indiana. W. M. Ealey grew up in Indiana, attended country schools and at the age of sixteen qualified as a teacher. He was actively engaged in the work of this profession for twenty years. He finally entered the ministry of the Christian Church and in 1889 removed to Urbana, from which point he carried on his work in the Gospel for a number of years until he retired about eight years ago. However, he...

Biography of S. M. Nees

S. M. Nees. Thirty-two years of continuous association with the public schools of Independence gives S. M. Nees probably a unique distinction in the State of Kansas. For the larger part of this time he had been principal of the Montgomery County High School, the largest county high school in the state, and prior to that he was principal or superintendent of the public schools of the city proper. During all these years he had been a real leader in educational affairs in his home county and his influence had done much to give vitality and uplift to the work of public education throughout the State. Many will be found to say that the splendid county high school, which had trained so many young men and women for useful careers, is in an important sense a monument to the educational leadership of Professor Nees. The family to which he belongs came originally from Pennsylvania, and was established there, probably of German lineage, prior to the Revolutionary war. Samuel Michael Nees was born in Poland, Indiana, May 25, 1863. Just after his birth his father, Samuel Nees, who had enlisted in the Ninety-seventh. Indiana Regiment of Volunteer Infantry early in the war, was killed in the battle at Jackson, Mississippi. Samuel Nees was born in 1842 at Poland, Indiana, was reared and married there, and followed farming until he entered the army. He had gone to the front shortly after his marriage to Emeline Reed, who was born in 1841 and is still living at Poland, Indiana. The only child of his parents, Professor Nees grew up in his native...

Biographical Sketch of Artemus Clark Plummer

Plummer, Artemus Clark; optometrist; born in a log cabin, near Harmony, Ind.; son of Thomas Jermiah and Martha Richards Plummer; educated in district school of Indiana, and Blackwater, Mo.; at the age of 16, began work on a farm and continued at it until 21 years old, then went to Kansas City, and entered Spalding’s Commercial College; doing odd jobs to pay his way; 1899, went to New York City, and entered Dr. R. H. Knowles’ School of Optometry, graduating in 1901; previous to coming to Cleveland, was with Tiffany & Co., New York City, for several...

Biography of L. P. Carpenter

L. P. Carpenter, who has been a resident of northeastern Oklahoma for a third of a century, was actively identified with agricultural interests here until he put aside the work of the fields in 1919 and has since lived retired in an attractive home at Bartlesville. His birth occurred in Clay County, Indiana, on the 11th of November, 1867, his parents being Adam and Anna (Reamy) Carpenter, who were natives of Pennsylvania and Ohio, respectively. Both are deceased. He acquired his education in his native state and on attaining his majority left the parental roof to come to Oklahoma, settling in Osage county, ten miles northwest of Bartlesville. There he devoted his attention to farming and stock raising for many years with excellent success, for he was industrious, energetic and progressive in all of his undertakings. In 1919, having acquired a comfortable competence, he took up his abode in Bartlesville, where he has since lived retired in the enjoyment of well earned ease. In early manhood Mr. Carpenter was joined in wedlock to Miss Mary E. Roy, who was born on the Osage Reservation, about ten miles northwest of Bartlesville, on the 27th of October, 1871, and is a representative of one of the most prominent families of the Osage Nation. Her father, a native of Canada, died before her birth. Her mother; who was Mrs. Rosalie (Prudom) Roy, is still living and is now the wife of H. N. Hampton of Bartlesville. Mr. Carpenter has received royalties from the oil holdings of his wife. To Mr. and Mrs. Carpenter were born four children: Floyd H:, who is twenty-nine...

Biography of Paul Stafford Mitchell, M. D.

Paul Stafford Mitchell, M. D. Incomplete indeed would be any history of Kansas which did not include distinctive mention of that large body of men who labor in the broad field of medical service. Some have chosen a particular path and some have chosen to work under a particular combination of methods, but all can be justly credited with scientific knowledge and a due regard for the preservation of the public health. To the profession of medicine, Dr. Paul Stafford Mitchell devoted the early years of his manhood, and today, after seventeen years of successful practice, stands as a representative of all that is best and highest in his line of human endeavor, and is justly accounted one of the leading physicians and surgeons of Iola. Doctor Mitchell was born at Cherry Grove, Rockingham County, Virginia, November 11, 1875, and is a son of Dr. Jacob A. and Emily (Furr) Mitchell. His father, born in 1807, at Londonderry, Ireland, ran away from home when still a lad and emigrated to the United States, and here completed a medical education and began the practice of his calling near Washington, Rappahannock County, Virginia. There he was married and subsequently went to Rockingham County, Virginia. He was successful as a practitioner and was in fairly good circumstances when the Civil war came on, but was an ardent Confederate sympathizer, put all his money into movements for the support of the South, and with the fall of the Lost Cause saw his fortune swept away. Later he practiced in West Virginia and Ohio, but finally returned to Rockingham County, Virginia, and died at...

McMahon, James Willard – Obituary

Union, Oregon James (Jim) “Burrhead” Willard McMahon, 86, died Oct. 29 at his home in Union. At 3 p.m. funeral service Saturday will be at the LDS Ward in Union. No viewing will be conducted. Final burial will be at the Willamette National Cemetery in Portland. Arrangements are under the direction of Loveland Funeral Chapel. Mr. McMahon was born Jan. 26, 1920, to Cleveland Randolph and Anna Lee Wilkinson McMahon in Staunton, Ind., where he received his education. He worked on the railroad as a young man until he volunteered to serve in the Navy during World War II, where he saw action on Normandy Beach. Before the war he married Maudie Welch; they later divorced. Following the war, he did highway construction work and then drove truck for 22 years. About 1965 he moved to Union and worked for the Boise Cascade particle board plant until retiring in 1984. In 1977 he married Martha Lucinda Callahan in Union. They would have celebrated their 28th anniversary this coming Nov. 5. For many seasons the McMahons enjoyed going to the mountains and cutting wood for their own use and that of numerous medical professionals. He memorized poetry, which he would recite effortlessly. He also loved jokes and making people laugh. Most of all, he enjoyed being in the loving company of family and friends. Survivors include his wife; children, James and Margaret Batchlor of Brazil, Ind., Arthur “Buddy” of Evansville, Ind., Carolyn Alexander of Crawfordsville, Ind.; and numerous grandchildren, great-grandchildren, nieces and nephews. He was preceded in death by 11 brothers and sisters, and his daughters, Martha Ellen Batchlor and...

Biographical Sketch of William H. Brandenburg

William H. Brandenburg, farmer; P. O. Hutton; was born in Clay Co., Ind., Oct. 19, 1824, and came to this county with his parents at 4 years of age, and remained with them up to the age of 17, when he went to Wisconsin, working upon a farm for two years, then returned to his parents’ home, and, making up a team, returned to Wisconsin, and was engaged in hauling lead for nine years; in 1852, he returned to Hutton Tp. and worked out for two years, when he settled upon the farm on Sec. 13, which he had purchased; he owns 150 acres of land. He enlisted in Co. H, 10th I. V. C., and served until the close of our late civil war, being mustered out at San Antonio, Tex. He married Miss Elizabeth J. Tucker, of Indiana, in July, 1849; she was born in 1828; they had nine children, six living -Sarah J. (now Mrs. John Jenkins, of Hutton Tp.); Mary Ann (now Mrs. Irvin Morris, of Cumberland Co., Ill.), born June 14, 1850; Zobeda A. (now Mrs. Charles Franklin, of Cumberland Co., Ill.), born March 10, 1853; Williard A., July 12, 1858; Amanda M., Aug. 30, 1861; Almorinda, April 7, 1868; three dead-Lydia E., John W. and...
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