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Chowanoc Indians

Chowanoc Tribe: Meaning in Algonquian “(people) at the south.” Chowanoc Connections. The Chowanoc belonged to the Algonquian linguistic family and were evidently most nearly allied to the other North Carolina Algonquians. Chowanoc Location. On Chowan River about the junction of Meherrin and Blackwater Rivers. Chowanoc Villages Catoking, (probably) near Gatesville, in Gates County. Maraton, on the east bank of Chowan River in Chowan County. Metocaum, on Chowan River in the present Bertie County. Ohanoak, on the west side of Chowan River not far below Nottoway River probably in Hertford County. Ramushonok, apparently between the Meherrin and Nottoway Rivers in Hertford County. Chowanoc History. In 1584-85, when first known to Europeans, the Chowanoc were the leading tribe in northeastern North Carolina. In 1663 they entered into a treaty with the English by which they submitted to the English Crown, but they violated this in 1675 and after a year of warfare were compelled to confine themselves to a reservation on Bennett’s Creek which became reduced by 1707 from 12 square miles to 6. They sided with the colonists in the Tuscarora War, and at about the same time were visited by a Church of England missionary, Giles Rainsford. In 1723 a reservation of 53,000 acres was set aside for them conjointly with the Tuscarora and in 1733 they were given permission to incorporate with that tribe. They continued to decline in numbers until in 1755 Governor Dobbs stated that only 2 men and 3 women were left. Chowanoc Population. In 1584-85 one of the Chowanoc towns, Ohanoak was said to contain 700 warriors, and Mooney (1928) estimates their numbers at...

Weapemeoc Indians

Weapemeoc Tribe: Meaning unknown, but evidently a place name. Also called: Yeopim, a shortened and more usual form. Weapemeoc Connections. The Weapemeoc were almost certainly of the Algonquian linguistic family and related to the Powhatan Indians the north and the Chowan, Machapunga, and Pamlico to the south. Weapemeoc Location. Most of the present Currituck, Camden, Pasquotank, and Perquimans Counties, and part of Chowan County north of Albemarle Sound. Weapemeoc Subdivisions. In the same section in later times are given the following tribes which must be regarded as subdivisions of the Weapemeoc: Pasquotank, on Pasquotank River. Perquiman, on Perquimans River. Poteskeet, location uncertain. Yeopim, or Weapemeoc proper, on Yeopim River. Weapemeoc Villages Chepanoc, on Albemarle Sound in Perquimans County. Mascoming, on the north shore of Albemarle Sound, in Chowan County. Metachkwem, location unknown. Pasquenock, perhaps identical with Pasquotank, on the north shore of Albemarle Sound, perhaps in Camden County. Weapemeoc, probably in Pasquotank County. Weapemeoc History. The Weapemeoc first appear in history in the narratives of the Raleigh colony of 1585-86. Later they are spoken of under the various subdivisional names. They parted with some of their land in 1662. In 1701, according to Lawson (1860), only 6 of the Yeopim survived though there were 40 warriors of the other subdivisions, including 10 Pasquotank and 30 Potekeet. Weapemeoc Population. In the time of the Raleigh colony the Weapemeoc are said to have had between 700 and 800 warriors. They were estimated by Mooney (1928) at 800 in 1600. From their number as given by Lawson in 1701 Rights (1947) estimates 200 at that date. Connection in which they have become...

Richard E. Spruill, Jr.

Sergt., Inf., Co. I, 30th Div., 119th Regt. Born in Chowan County; son of R. E. Spruill and Mrs. E. Spruill. Husband of Mrs. Mattie Spruill. Entered service June 19, 1916, at Edenton, N.C., and sent to Camp Glenn, N.C., transferred to Camp Greene, from there to Camp Sevier, S. C. Sailed for Calais, France, May 28, 1918. Promoted to rank of Sergt. 1917. Fought at Flanders. Gassed at Ypres, Belgium, Aug. 24, 1918. Served on Mexican border six months. Mustered out at Camp Lee, Va., March 8,...

L. A. Kramer

Yeoman 1st Class, U. S. N. R. F.; of Chowan County; son of S. L. and Laura Kramer. Entered service Dec. 3, 1917, at Norfolk, Va. Sent to Naval Opr. Base, Va. Transferred to U. S. S. Oregonian August, 1918. Sailed for Brest, France, cargo ship. Made three trips to France and Mediterranean. Release from active duties to U. S. N. R....

Frank Richard Rogerson

1st Class Private, Btry. A, 81st Div., 317th Regt., F. A. Born in Chowan County; son of R. A. and Mrs. Mary E. Rogerson. Husband of Mrs. Mary Mariah Rogerson. Entered service April 26, 1918, at Edenton, N.C. Sent to Camp Jackson, transferred to Camp Mills. Sailed for France August, 1918. Returned to USA June, 1919. Mustered out at Camp Lee, Va., June,...

Charlie Lassiter

Mechanic, Inf., Co. I, 119th Regt., 30th Div. Born in Chowan County; son of John and Julie Lassiter. Husband of Mrs. Ethel Lassiter. Entered the service Feb. 29, 1916, at Edenton, N.C. Sent to Camp Glenn, N.C. Transferred to Camp Sevier, S. C. Sailed for France May 28, 1918. Promoted Mechanic June, 1916. Fought in all engagements of the 30th Div. Had seven months’ service on the Mexican border. Returned to the USA at Charleston, S. C., April 2, 1919, and mustered out of the service at Camp Jackson, S. C., April 24,...

Bruce William Jones

Private, 1st Class., Inf., Co. I, 30th Div., 119th Regt.; of Chowan County; son of T. P. and Margaret Jones. Entered service Sept. 3, 1917, at Edenton, N.C. Sent to Camp Greene, N.C. Transferred to Camp Sevier, S. C., and then to Camp Merritt, N. J. Sailed for Calais, France, May 28, 1918. Fought in all engagements with 30th Div. Arrived in USA April 2, 1919. Charleston, S. C. Mustered out at Camp Jackson, S. C., April 5,...

Wallace Thomas Jones

1st Class Machinists’ Mate, U. S. Navy; of Chowan County; son of T. P. and Margaret Jones. Entered service at Edenton, N.C., Sept. 5, 1916. Sent to St. Helena, Va. Transferred to U. S. S. “Connecticut.” Transferred to U. S. S. “Delaware,” then to the “Corsair.” Promoted to rank of 1st C. M. M. Went across with Gen. Pershing ships as convoy, acted as convoy from Brest, France, out of danger zone. Mustered out at Navy Yards, Philadelphia, Pa., Sept. 5,...

William H. Gardner

Serpt., Inf., Co. I, 30th Div., 119th Regt.; of Chowan County; son of T. E. and Lula Gardner. Entered service July 4, 1917, at Edenton, N.C. Sent to Camp Royster, N.C. Transferred to Camp Greene, N.C., then to Camp Sevier. Sailed for France May 28, 1917. Promoted to rank of Sergt. October, 1917. Fought in all engagements of 30th Div. Arrived in USA April 4, 1919, at Charleston, S. C. Mustered out at Camp Jackson, S. C., April 7,...

Edward G. Bond

Lieut., was born in Edenton, North Carolina, on the 16th of May, 1890. He was a son of Judge and Mrs. W. M. Bond. After attending the Graded School at Edenton he was sent to Randolph-Macon Academy at Bedford, Virginia, and from there was later sent to the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. There he united with the Delta Kappa Epsilon Fraternity, and after completing his studies at said University he remained there and read law. Completing his law course, he passed the examination for license to practice before the Supreme Court of North Carolina before his twenty-first birthday. At each of the schools he was regarded as a close and diligent student, and in the few years after he received his law license he rapidly arose in the profession. He was of broad reading, with most retentive memory, a strong public speaker and most interesting in private conversation. Never having been connected in any way with military service, when trouble was threatened along the Mexican border he volunteered and became a member of Company I, an old Edenton military company. He was soon thereafter sent to Camp Glenn, in North Carolina, and after staying there several weeks was sent with his company to the border. When the trouble there had subsided, the regiment to which he belonged was returned to Goldsboro, N.C., and was not disbanded, as it then seemed very certain that our government would soon be involved in war with Germany. Serving at Goldsboro, Charlotte, Hillsboro and other places in guarding bridges and performing various details of military service, he was finally sent to...
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