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Cheraw Tribe

Cheraw Indians. An important tribe, very probably of Siouan stock, formerly ranging in central Carolina, east of the Blue ridge, from about the present Danville, Va., southward to the neighborhood of Cheraw, S. C., which takes its name from them. In numbers they may have stood next to the Tuscarora among the North Carolina tribes, but are less prominent in history by reason of their almost complete destruction before the white settlements had reached their territory. They are mentioned first in the De Soto narrative for 1540, under the name Xuala, a corruption of Suali, the name by which they are traditionally known to the Cherokee, who remember them as having anciently lived beyond the Blue ridge from Asheville. In the earlier Carolina and Virginia records they are commonly known as Saraw, and at a later period as Cheraw. We first hear of “Xuala province” in 1540, apparently in the mountain country southward from Asheville. In 1672, Lederer, from Indian information, located them in the same general region, or possibly somewhat farther north east, ” where the mountains bend to the west,” and says that this portion of the main ridge was called ” Sualy mountain ” from the tribe. This agrees with Cherokee tradition. Some years later, but previous to 1700, they settled on Dan river near the south line of Virginia, where the marks of their fields were found extending for several miles along the river by Byrd, in 1728, when running the dividing line between the 2 colonies. There seem to have been 2 villages, as on a map of 1760 we find this place designated...

Pedee Tribe

Pedee Indians. A small tribe, probably Siouan, formerly living on the middle course of Pedee River, South Carolina Nothing is known of its language and little of its history. On a war map of 1715 its village is placed on the east bank, considerably below that of the Cheraw, about the present Cheraw, South Carolina. In 1744 they with others killed several Catawba, which led to their being driven from their lands into the white settlements. Two years later they and the Sara are named as tribes which had long been incorporated with the Catawba. In 1751 they were mentioned at the Albany conference as one of the small tribes living among the white people in South Carolina, against whom the Iroquois were asked not to war. While most of the Pedee joined the Catawba, there were some who remained among the white settlements as late as 1755. For Further Study The following articles and manuscripts will shed additional light on the Pedee as both an ethnological study, and as a people. See Mooney, Siouan Tribes of the East,...

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