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Native American History of Campbell County, Georgia

Old Campbell County was located in west central Georgia. The county was named for Duncan G. Campbell, one of the state commissioners present at the signing of the Treaty of Indians Springs in 1825. In 1870 Douglass County was cut off from Campbell, but later renamed Douglas. The original county seat was Campbellton on the Chattahoochee River. However, shortly after the Atlanta & West Point Railroad was laid through the village of Fairburn, Fairburn became the county seat. Campbell was annexed by Fulton County in 1931. All of Fulton County is part of the Atlanta Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area (SMSA.) Old Campbell County was bounded on the west by Carroll and Douglas Counties. On the east, it adjoined the Chattahoochee River and Fulton County, GA that was formerly Milton County. On the southeast it was bordered by Fayette and Clayton Counties. Coweta County formed its southern boundary, while the original portion of Fulton formed its northern boundary. Geology and hydrology Old Campbell County was located in the Piedmont geological region, which is characterized by underlying rock strata of igneous and metamorphicized igneous rock. The terrain consists of rolling hills and stream valleys. There are some extensive alluvial plains along the Chattahoochee River. Seasonal or permanent wetlands parallel many of its streams. These are relatively narrow bands of soggy terrain that provide ecological diversity for animal and plant life. The top soils are thin over most hills and steep slopes, while much deeper near streams. Short-sighted cultivation techniques in the 19th and early 20th century caused much of the best top soil to be eroded; thus exposing red clay sub-soil....

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