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Hawaii History 1527 – 1926

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The following pages provides a timeline of important events in the written history of Hawaii. Hawaii, a small group of islands in the middle of the Pacific Ocean, has played a critical roll in the history of the United States. Most especially during the Spanish American War and World War II. Our timeline takes Hawaii history through its “discovery” and up until 1926.

1527-1786

1527 Supposed arrival of two shipwrecked Spaniards at Keei, Kona, Hawaii.
1555 Discovery of the Hawaiian Islands by Juan Gateau, pilot-navigator, Claimed by Spanish archivists.
1736 Kamehamecha the Great born. November. (The year, however, is controversial, and may have been about 1750.)
1740 Paleioholani, king of Oahu, on passage to Molokai, said to have sighted a foreign ship.
1752 Kalaniopuu, king of western Hawaii, ruling when Capt. Cook visited the Islands, born.
1768 Kaahumanu born at Kauiki, East Maui, of Keeaumoku, the great chief and general of Kamehameha, and Namahana, his wife, ex-queen of Maui. Kaahumanu became wife of Kamehameha and gave practical aid, after 1820, to the missionaries in establishing Christianity among her people, while she was premier (kuhina nui).
1778

Discovery of Hawaiian Islands (Kauai and Oahu), by Capt. James Cook, British navy, in the ships Resolution and Discovery, while en route from South Seas to the Northwest Arctic Passage, anchoring off Waimea, Kauai. January 18.
On return voyage from the Northwest Passage Capt. Cook discovered island of Maui, November 26; and island of Hawaii, December 1.

1779 Capt. Cook anchored in Kealakekua Bay, Hawaii. January 17. Capt. Cook slain in a melee at Kaawaloa, Kealakekua Bay. February 14. Ships Resolution and Discovery commanded by Capts. King and Clerke, departed from Hawaii. February 23
1782 Kalauiopuu, king of Hawaii, died in April, leaving the districts of Kau, Puna and Hilo, to Kiwalao, his own son, and Kona, Kohala and Hamakua to Kamehameha, his nephew.
Battle of Mokuohae, between Kamehameha and Kiwalao at Keomo, Hawaii; Kamehameha triumphed. Kiwalao slain by Keeaumoku; Keoua, brother of Kiwalao, became king of Kau, and Kewaemauhili, king of Puna and Hilo. July.
Poet Keaulumoku composed the mele, “Haui Ka Lani,” or a prophecy of the overthrow of Hawaii by Kamehameha. Died 1784.
1784 Captains Portlock and Dixon with the ships King George and Queen Charlotte, visited Hawaii and Oahu and inaugurated trade.
1786 Commander La Pérouse, with two French frigates, visited Lahaina. May 28

1787-1813

1787 Kalians, high chief, visited China with Lieut. Hears in the Nootka, returning the following year with Capt. Douglas, in the Iphigenia, from Oregon.
1789 Kamehameha I invaded Maui and waged fierce battle with Kalanikupule in mountain passes near Wailuku. Battle called Kapaniwai, from the. bodies of the numerous slain which dammed Tao Valley stream.
Keawemauhilo slain by Keoua in battle at Hilo, Hawaii.
First American ship, Eleanor, Capt. Metcalf, visited Islands.
1790 February, massacre of 100 natives by Capt. Metcalf off Olowalu, Maui. Schooner Fair American, 26 tons, tender to the Eleanor, and commanded by young son of Capt. Metcalf, cut off March 16, by Kameeiamoku, au ally of Kamehameha, in which he drowned young Metcalf and caused the others, except Isaac Davis, to be killed.
John Young, boatswain of the Eleanor, prevented by Kamehameha from rejoining his ship at Kealakekua. March 17.
1791 Keel of first vessel built in Hawaiian Islands laid February 1.
Naval battle off Kohala, Hawaii, between Kamehameha and Kaeo, king of Kauai, and Kahekili, king of Oahu, in which the allies were repulsed. Battle called Kapuawahaulaula (the red-mouthed gun), from the victors using a swivel piece mounted in one of the war canoes.
1792 Captain Vancouver, in the Discovery and Chatham, tender, first visited the Islands and left cattle, sheep, etc. March 5. Daedalus, store ship, visits Waimea, Oahu. Lieut. Hergest, Mr. Gooch and one seaman killed by the natives. May 11.
Keoua slain at Kawaihae, Hawaii, by Keeaumoku, as he was landing to hold conference with Kamehameha. His body with those of several of his attendants were offered in sacrifice at the temple just completed there.Kamehameha I became sole ruler of all Hawaii island.
1793 Kamehameha entertained Vancouver and his officers with sham battle at Hawaii. Landed cattle for Kamehameha T. March 4.
1794 Final visit of Vancouver, January 9.
Grand council aboard Discover, when Kamehameha I “ceded” island of Hawaii to Great Britain, and English flag hoisted ashore. February 25.
Kahekili, king of Oahu and Maui, died at Waikiki, Oahu, and Kalanikupule, his son, reigns.
Honolulu harbor discovered in December, by Captain Brown, of British ship Butterworth; schooner Jackall, tender to same, first vessel to enter, followed shortly by the Prince Le Boo and Lady Washington. November 21.
1795  Kamehameha subdued Maui, Lanai and Molokai. February.
Battle of Nuuanu, Oahu, fought in valley, in which Kalanikupule, and Kaiana, who had seceded from the conqueror’s ranks to join in opposing him, were slain. April.
Oahu fell into the hands of Kamehameha, who established his headquarters at Waikiki beach.
1796 January, H. B. M. S. Providence, Captain Broughton, touched at Kealakekua, and left the grape vine. February.
Kamehameha, planning attack on Kauai and Niihau, embarked for that purpose in a fleet of war canoes but was driven back to Oahu by a violent wind. April.
Providence visited Niihau; massacre of the marines. This was the last of such destruction of life by the Hawaiians. July 30.
Rebellion of Namakeha, brother of Kaiana, on Hawaii; Kamehameha returned from Oahu and subdued the some in the battle of Kipapaloa, Hilo, in which Namakeha was slain. August.
1797 Liholiho (Kamehameha II), born at Hilo, Hawaii, of Keopuolani, wife of Kamehameha I
Promulgation of “Mamalahoa” (“Law of the Splintered Paddle”), protecting old and young on the highways by Kamehameha.
1798 Work of creating a fleet of war canoes known as Peleleu, commenced; these were of a new kind, short and broad, capable of carrying many men.
1801  Peleleu fleet arrived at Kawaihae, Hawaii.
1802 Peleleu fleet arrived at Lahaina, Maui. Kameeiamoku died at Lahaina.
1803 First horses in Hawaii landed by Capt. Cleveland from a Boston vessel, from California. January 23. Peleleu fleet arrived at Oahu.
1804 Kamehameha plans another attack on Kauai and prepares a fleet of 21 schooners, but through appearance of a great pestilence called ahulau okuu (cholera) it was abandoned.
Keeaumoku, father of Kaahumanu, died.
John Young named Governor of Hawaii island.
1808  Hawaiian flag said to have been designed. Family traditions credit design to Capt. George Beckley, English navigator and military adviser to Kamehameha I.
1809  Kaumualii, king of Kauai, visited Oahu to meet Kamehameha I, to arrange cession of his island; hence the group became one kingdom under Kamehameha T.
1810 King Kaumualii ceded island of Kauai to Kamehameha 1.
Isaac Davis died. April
1813 Kauikeaouli (Kamehameha III) born of Keopuolani, at Keauhou, Hawaii. August.

1830-1842

1830 Lot Kamehameha, afterwards Kamehameha V, born. December Il. 1831 Lahainaluna Mission Seminary, Maui, for Hawaiians, opened. September.
Catholic priests banished to California on Brig Waverley. December 24.
1832 William Lunalilo, afterwards King Lunalilo, born. January 31. Fourth company of American Missionaries arrived in the Averick, from Boston. June 3.
Kaahumanu died in Manoa Valley, aged 58 years. June 5. High Chiefess Kinau appointed premier (kuhina nui). June.
1833 Kamehameha III (Kauikeaouli) assumes reins of government confirms Kinau as premier (kuhina nui). March.
Sixth company of American missionaries arrived. May 1. Bethel church at Honolulu opened. November 28.
1834 Kamehameha IV (Alexander Liholiho) born. February 9.
First newspaper printed in the Hawaiian Islands, called “The Lama Hawaii,” at Lahainaluna, Maui, February 13.
The periodical, “Kumu Hawaii,” commenced at Honolulu.
1835 Sugar planting commenced systematically at Koloa, Kauai. Prince Leleiohoku and Princess Nahienaena married. Seventh company of missionaries arrived. June 6.
John Young, pioneer, died December 16.
1836 Emma Rooke (afterwards Queen Emma), born. February 2.
Female seminary at Wailuku, Maui, opened.
First English newspaper, “Sandwich Islands Gazette,” issued July 30.
Arrival of Father Walsh, Catholic priest. September 30.
David Kalakaua (afterward King Kalakaua), born at Honolulu, of Kapaakea and Keohokalole. November 16.
Princess Nahienaena, wife of Leleiohoku, died at Honolulu, aged 21 years. December 30.
1837 Kamehameha III and Kalama married. February 4. Eighth company of missionaries arrived. Fathers Bachelot and Short, Catholics, return on schooner Clementine. April 17.
Rev. William Richards resigns from the mission to join the Hawaiian government. July 3.
Arrival of H. B. M.’s ship Sulphur. July 7.
Arrival of French frigate Venus. July 10.
Laying out the public streets of Honolulu begun.
Father M. Maigret, Catholic priest, arrives on Europa. November 2.
Remarkable rise and flow of the tide throughout the Islands. November 7.
Fathers Maigret and Bachelot depart in the Honolulu. November 23.
1838 Chiefs commence to study political economy with Mr. Richards. August.
Princess Victoria Kamamalu was born of Kinau and Governor Kekuanaoa. November 1.
Lydia Kamakaeha (afterwards Queen Liliuokalani) born. September 2.
1839 Premier Kinau died at Honolulu. April 4.
 Chiefess Kekauluohi became premier (kuhina nui). April 5.
Printing of the first edition of the Hawaiian Bible. Finished. May 10.
Declaration of Rights edict. June 7.
Kawaiahao church cornerstone laid. June 8.
Edict of Toleration promulgated (religious equality). June 17.
French man-o’-war L’Artemise (Captain LaPlace) arrived. July 9.
Enforced treaty with France signed, Capt. LaPlace carrying away $20,000. July 25.
1840 School for young chiefs opened at Honolulu, Mr. and Mrs. A. Cooke, teachers. May.
Hoapili, governor of Maui, died. January.
Father Maigret returns to Honolulu, May.
Rev. Hiram Bingham and family return to the United States. August 3.
U. S. Exploring expedition under Commodore Wilkes arrived. September.
Kamehameha III gives first written constitution to the people of the Hawaiian Islands. October 8.
1841 Kapiolani died at Kaawaloa, Hawaii. May 5.
Ninth missionary company arrived. May 9.
1842 Treasury Board appointed, Dr. G. P. Judd, president. May 15.
High Chief Halailio and Rev. Mr. Richards sail as commissioners to the governments of France, England, and the United States. July 8.
School for children of missionaries at Punahou, Honolulu, commenced (now Oahu College) ; land given by Boki and Liliha for educational purposes in the ’20s. July 11
Stone meeting-house at Kawaiahao dedicated.
Tenth missionary company arrived.
Richard Charlton, British Consul, departed for England, via Mexico, seeking warship to make demands of Hawaiian Government. September 26.
United States recognizes status of independence of the Hawaiian Islands. December 19.
Steamer S. H. Wheeler arrived from San Francisco and entered coastal and inter-island trade under name of Akamai. November 14.
Koloa plantation, Kauai, has first steam engine for mechanical purposes.

1854-1868

1854 Fort at Lahaina demolished by order of the government. Cornerstone of Sailors’ Home laid. July 31.
Steamer Sea Bird arrived from the coast and entered inter-island service.
Steamer West Point arrived in October to enter inter-island trade.
Kamehameha III (Kauikeaouli) died, and Kamehameha IV became sovereign. December 15.
1855 W. P. Leleiohoku, afterwards Prince, born. January 10.
Second effort for Reciprocity Treaty with United States, Hon. W. L. Lee, commissioner. A treaty was signed by Marcy (U. S.) and Lee but not ratified. July 20.
Paki, a high chief, died at Honolulu. June 13.
Flour exported (43 barrels).
Eruption of -Mauna Loa with flow again running towards and threatening Hilo. August 11.
1856 Steamer Kalama wrecked on Kauai (Koloa).
Lava flow from Mauna Loa ceased, distance five miles from Hilo. March.
Kamehameha IV and Emma Rooke united in marriage. June 19.
Sailors’ Home, Honolulu, opened. September 1.
1857 Fort at Honolulu demolished by order of the Government. John Young (Keoni Ana), premier, died. July.
Victoria Kamamalu appointed premier (kuhina nui).
Chief Justice W. L. Lee, died. May 28.
Admiral Thomas (of Restoration fame) died. August 22.
David Malo, eminent Hawaiian historian, died.
Honey bees introduced. October 21.
1858 The Prince of Hawaii (Ka Haku o Hawaii), born.
New treaty with France concluded. September 8.
Rice first systematically cultivated near Honolulu by Dr. S. P. Ford.
1859 Eruption of -Manna Loa, with flow running toward Wainanalii. January 23.
Laying of cornerstone of Odd Fellows’ hall. April 26.
First Civil code published. July.
Gas light first introduced into Honolulu.
William Pitt Kinau, son of Leleiohoku and Ruth Keelikolani died at Kohala, aged 17 years. September 9.
Initial movement toward establishment of Episcopal church, from England. December 9.
1860 Customs house built at Honolulu. February.
Arrival of Japanese embassy en route to United States. May.
Cornerstone of Queen’s Hospital laid. July 17.
First regular trip of steamer Kilauea, on inter-island run. July 18.
Rev. R. Armstrong, minister of public instruction, died at Honolulu. September 23.
1862 Palmyra Island, in Lat. 5° 50′ North, Long. 161° 53′ West, taken possession of by Capt. Z. Bent, for Kamehameha IV and his successors, and subsequently declared by royal proclamation to be a part of the Hawaiian domain.
Death of Prince of Hawaii, aged 4 years 3 months. August 19. Funeral took place September 7.
Reformed Catholic Mission (Anglican Episcopal) arrived at Honolulu. October 11.
1863 His -Majesty Kamehameha IV died, aged 29 years. November 30.
Prince Lot Kamehameha ascended the throne as Kamehameha V. November 30.
1864 Hon. E. H. Allen, accredited to Washington in behalf of a treaty, as Minister Plenipotentiary. March 20.
Convention of delegates to amend the constitution called by the king. May 5.
Convention dissolved and constitution abrogated. August 13.
New constitution granted by the king. August 21.
1865 Royal Order of Kamehameha I founded. April 11.
Hon. R. C. Wyllie, -Minister of Foreign Relations, died, aged 67. October 19.
Removal of remains of kings and queens from Palace grounds tomb to Nuuanu -Mausoleum. October 30.
Departure of Queen Emma on IT. B. M.’s Clio, on a visit to United States and Europe. May 6.
1866 Arrival of steamship Ajax from California, inaugurating monthly steam service. January 27
Mark Twain” arrived on S. S. Ajax.. .January 27.
H. R. H. Princess Victoria Kamamalu died, aged 27 years May 29.
Return of Queen Emma from England. October 22.
1867  Effort toward a Reciprocity Treaty with the United States renewed.
Laying of cornerstone of Anglican Cathedral. Honolulu. March 5.
1868 Kaona rebellion at Kona and Murder of Sheriff Neville. October 19.
Great earthquake on Hawaii, with tidal wave at Kau, and considerable loss of life. April 2.
Eruption of Mauna Loa, with flow running through Kahuku to the south point of Hawaii. April 7.
His Highness Mataio Keknanaoa, governor of Oahu, father of the late Kings Kamehameha IV and V, died, aged 75 Years. November 24.

1869-1877

1869 Organization of first lodge of Good Templars, Ultima Thule No. 1. April 9.
Arrival of H. R. H. Alfred Ernest, Duke of Edinburgh, in command of H. M. S. Galatea. July 21.
Lighthouse at entrance to Honolulu harbor permanently lighted. August 2.
1870 Fiftieth anniversary of the landing of the first missionaries celebrated in Honolulu by a grand jubilee. April 4.
Arrival of the S. S. Wonga Wonga, pioneer vessel of the Australian and California line of steamers from Sydney, connecting at Honolulu with the Idaho. April 19.
Present Hawaiian band dates from this year under brief leadership of W. Northcott.
Arrival of the Flying Squadron (British) from Victoria, en route to Valparaiso.
Death of Queen Dowager Kalama, consort of Kamehameha III, at Honolulu. September 20.
1871 Arrival of the Nevada, pioneer vessel of Webb’s line of California and Australian steamers, from San Francisco for Sydney. April 16.
Loss of thirty-three ships of Arctic whaling fleet, only seven saved. September 14.
1872 Laying of corner stone of new government building, “Aliiolani Hale.” March 20.
Capt. Henri Berger arrived from Germany to direct Royal Hawaiian band. June.
Opening of Royal Hawaiian hotel, built by the Hawaiian government.
Death of Laura P., wife of Dr. G. P. Judd, aged 68, one of the second band of missionaries. October 2.
Death of Kamehameha V, at Honolulu, aged 43 years, leaving throne vacant, without heir designated. December 11.
Death of Mrs. M. P. Whitney, one of the pioneer band of missionaries who arrived at the Islands in 1820. December 26.
1873 Prince NV. C. Lunalilo elected king of the Hawaiian Islands be special session of the legislature. January 8.
King Lunalilo takes the oath of office at Kawaiahao church.
Death of Dr. C. P. Judd, at Honolulu, aged 70 years, who arrived at the Islands in mission band of 1828, and joined the government in 1842. July.
Renewed effort for Reciprocity Treaty with the United States, on the basis of a cession of Pearl Harbor and Pearl river for a naval base.
Pearl harbor cession offer is withdrawn bythe Hawaiian government.
Emeute at the Royal Household Barracks. September 8.
Abolition of the army, by royal command. September 12.
1874 Death of King Lunalilo at Honolulu, aged 39 years, leaving throne again vacant without heir designated. February 3.
Election of Hon. David Kalakaua as King of Hawaii by a special session of the legislature. February 12.
Riot at the Court House by anti-Kalakauaites favoring Queen Emma. Armed forces from American and English warships in port quelled disturbance. February 12.
King Kalakaua takes oath of office at Kinau Hale. February 13.
Prince W. P. Leleiohoku proclaimed Prince Regent. February 14.
Passage of act allowing distillation of rum on sugar plantations. June.
Death of wife of Rev. Daniel Pole, who arrived in Hawaii in 1837. July 5.
Renewed effort for a Reciprocity Treaty with the United States, and Hons. E. H. Allen and H. A. P. Carter sent as commissioners to Washington. October 18.
Departure of His Majesty King Kalakaua on a visit to the United States, in the U. S. S. Benecia, accompanied by Governors Dominis and Kapena. November 17.
1875 Return of King Kalakaua and suite on the U. S. S. Pensacola . February 15.
First typewriting machine introduced in Hawaii by Dillingham & Co. August.
Arrival of the Fresco de Gama, pioneer vessel of the Pacific Mail line of steamers from San Francisco for the Colonies. October 19.
Hon. E. H. Allen returned to Washington on treaty business. November.
H. R. H. Princess Kaiulani born to Princess Likelike. October 16.
Remains of King Lunalilo placed in mausoleum at Kawaiahao church, expressly constructed by his wish.
1876 Government forwarded an exhibit to the Philadelphia Centennial Exposition.
Reciprocity Treaty between United States and Hawaiian Kingdom ratified, permitting entry of Hawaiian raw sugar into United States Tree of duty, the first real impetus to the sugar industry in Hawaii, is ratified. August 13.
1877  Leleihoku. Prince Regent, died. April 10.
Princess Liliuokalani proclaimed Regent. April 10.
First telegraph and telephone line was constructed on Maui, connecting Haiku and Lahaina. July 23.

1878-1887

1878 His Highness, C. Kanaina, father of King Lunalilo, died. March 13.
First Portuguese immigrants arrived at Honolulu from Portugal and its islands. September 30.
Inter-Island steamer Likelike arrived at Honolulu.
1879 Kahului Railroad, from Kahului to Paia, Maui, opened. July 17. First steam fire engine imported.
Cornerstone of Iolani Palace laid under Masonic auspices.
King Kalakaua was a high Mason. December 31.
First artesian well bored at Honolulu, April 28, July.
1880 System of telephonic communication (Bell) established at Honolulu, between Palace and king’s boathouse. First instrument now in Bishop Museum.
First artesian well in Honolulu. April 28.
1881  King Kalakaua set out on his tour of the world. January 29.
Cornerstone of the “Lunalilo Home,” for aged and indigent Hawaiians, laid; established under will of King Lunalilo. April 9.
Jubilee exercises held at Lahainaluna, Maui, in commemoration of fiftieth anniversary of establishment of the seminary.
King Kalakaua returned from his journey around the world. October 29.
Great lava flow which reached Halai Hill, Hilo, before it stopped. November.
1882  Postage stamps for the Postal Union were first issued in Honolulu.
Rev. Titus Coan, early missionary, for many year pastor of Hilo Church (native), Hilo, died. December 1.
1883  Statue of Kamehameha the Great unveiled in Honolulu. February. Marine railway for docking vessels, opened. January 1.
Formal coronation of King Kalakaua and Queen Kapiolani took place at Iolani Palace. February 12.
First Y. M. C. A. building in Honolulu dedicated. April 21.
H. R H. Princess Ruth Keelikolani, formerly Governess of Hawaii, of the Kamehameha dynasty, died, aged 115 years, May 15.
Oceanic S. S. Co.’s steamer Alameda arrived on her first voyage between San Francisco and Honolulu. October.
Inter-Island steamer Kinau arrived. (Still in service, 1925.)
First installment of “Kalakaua” money arrived, dollars, halves, quarters and dimes. (Now rarities.) December 16.
1884 Kalakaua coinage put in circulation. January 14. Postal notes issued. January 1.
First company (956) of Japanese immigrants arrive str. Cite of Tokio. February 9.
Foundation laid for Hall of Records (Kapuaiwa Hale), now board of health building. March.
Rev. W. P. Alexander, for many years principal of Lahainaluna Seminary, died at Oakland, Cal., father of Prof. W. D. Alexander, the historian.
Princess Bernice Pauahi Bishop, wife of Charles R. Bishop, banker, died. Her fortune was left to endow the Kamehameha Schools for Boys and Girls (Hawaiian) and the Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum. October 16.
1885 Foundation of new police station (Kalakaua Hale) laid. February 5.
Queen Emma, widow of Kamehameha IV, died. April 25.
1886 Great fire in Honolulu, destroying million and a half of property. April 18.
Postal savings bank established. July 10.
Ocean Island became a dependency of the Hawaiian kingdom; noted for its guano fertilizer deposits. September 21.
Rev. L. Lyons, for 54 years missionary at Waimea, Hawaii, died. 79 years. October.
Jubilee Anniversary of King Kalakaua ‘s birthday celebrated. November 16.
1887 Eruption of Mauna Loa in Kau, Hawaii. January 16.
H. R. H. Princess Likelike (Mrs. Archibald Cleghorn) died. aged 36. February 2.
Queen Kapiolani and Princess Liliuokalani departed on visit to England to attend Queen Victoria’s Jubilee.
Great political mass meeting held in Honolulu, to request a new constitution; also to demand dismissal of the Gibson ministry, June 30.
New constitution promulgated by king. July 7.
New cabinet named, W. L. Green, premier.
General elections to the first legislature held under the new constitution. September 18.
Supplementary convention between the United States and His Majesty, the King of Hawaii, to limit the duration of the convention respecting the Commercial Reciprocity Treaty concluded January 30, 1875, ratified by the king. October 20. Proclaimed by President Cleveland. November 9.
Hon. A. Fornander, fourth associate justice, died, aged 75 years.
First legislative assembly under the new constitution meets at Honolulu, November 3.
Sanford B. Dole appointed fourth associate justice, Hawaiian Supreme Court.
Treaty of Reciprocity with the United States extended for seven years, by right of entrance to Pearl Harbor for a coaling and repair base for American warships. Since annexation, base is developed to one of greatest under American flag.

1888-1892

1888 First diffusion process plant for sugar it manufacture received, introduced by Col. Z. S. Spalding for Makee Sugar Co., Kauai.
Walter Murray Gibson, ex-minister of Foreign Affairs under Kalakaua, died at San Francisco. January 21.
Electric lighting of Honolulu streets established. March 23.
Lighthouse at Barber’s Point, Oahu, erected.
Ground broken for street railway system (mule-drawn).
Mrs. W. D. Alexander, of the 1832 missionary arrivals, died. June 29.
Samuel C. Wilder, one of Honolulu’s most prominent citizens, promoter of steamship line and other enterprises, flied, aged 82 years. July 28.
Oahu Steam Railway franchise granted to B. F. Dillingham and associates, on Oahu. September 4.
Opening of streetcar system by Hawaiian Tramway Co. December 28.
1889 Parcels post system with United States inaugurated. March 1.
First turf for Oahu Railroad turned.
Death of Father Damien, Catholic priest, at the Leper Settlement. Molokai, aged 49 years. April 15.
Death of Mrs. Mary Dominis, mother-in-law of Princess Liliuokalani, aged 86 years, resident of Honolulu since 1837.
April 24. Departure of Princess Kaiulani for England to finish her education. May 10.
Track laying for Hawaiian tramway completed (12 miles).
July 12. Insurrection of R. W. Wilcox and party of malcontents quickly subdued; six insurgents killed, twelve wounded, and remainder surrendered. July 30.
First section of inter-island cable laid between Maui and Molokai August 12.
First trial over Oahu Railroad, called “Dillingham’s Folly.” September 4. Opening of railroad to Aiea and Ewa. November 18.
1890 Cable laid between Oahu and Molokai, but its first message proved its last, owing to inferior quality of cable. April 2.
Rev. Hiram Bingham II completes his translation of the entire Bible into Gilbert Island language. April 11.
Reform party cabinet resigns on a tie “want of confidence” vote. June 13.
First ostriches (three) introduced from California by Dr. C. Trousseau, followed a few months later by others from the British Colonies. June 27.
Departure of King Kalakaua on the U. S. S. Charleston for San Francisco in search of health. November 25.
H. H. H. Princess Liliuokalani appointed regent of the kingdom. November 25.
Official census of the Islands taken under direction of Dr. C. T. Rodgers. December 28.
1891 Death of King Kalakaua in San Francisco, aged 54 years. January 20.
Kalakaua’s remains arrived at Honolulu on the Charleston. January 29.
Liliuokalani proclaimed queen of the Hawaiian Islands. January 29.
State funeral of King Kalakaua. February 15.
Cabinet resigns at request of queen, and a new ministry of her “election appointed. February 25.
Princess Kaiulani, niece of queen, proclaimed heir apparent. March 9.
Cornerstone, Central Union Church, laid. June 3.
Semi-centennial anniversary of founding of Oahu College celebrated. June 25.
H. R. H. John Dominis, Prince Consort, died at Washington Place, Honolulu, aged 60 years. August 27.
H. A. P. Carter, Hawaiian -Minister Resident at Washington, died, aged 56 year. November 1.
1892  Total loss, by fire, of American whaleship John P. West in Oahu Molokai channel. Crew, in boats, towed to port by passing vessel. January 5.
Hawaiian Historical Society formed. January 11.
Australian ballot system adopted. February 3.
Opening of Honolulu harbor bar commenced. April 16.
Lottery Bill introduced in legislature for a twenty-five years franchise. August 30.
“Want of confidence” resolution against cabinet carried by a vote of 31 to 10. August 30.
New cabinet appointed with C. E. Macfarlane as premier. September 12.
New “Want of confidence” resolution failed by one vote. Protest entered, and question being referred to Supreme Court (Hawaii). President’s ruling confirmed. September 15.
Completion of deepening harbor bar to 30 feet, at an expenditure of $175,000. September 20.
“Want of confidence” resolution carries on a vote of 31 to 15. October 17.
Cornwell-Nawahi cabinet formed; rejected same day on vote 26 to 13.
Wilcox-.Jones cabinet appointed. November 8.
Dedication of Central Union Church. December 4.
Cornerstone of Masonic Temple laid. December 27.
Opium license bill passed the House by large majority. December 31.

1893-1895

1893 Lottery bill passed on a vote of 23 to 20. January 11.
On the success of the lottery bill, the cabinet is voted out by a majority of nine. January 12.
Parker-Cornwell-Colburn-Peterson cabinet appointed. January 13.
Queen signed the opium and lottery bills, and prorogued the legislature. January 14.
Queen attempts to abrogate the constitution and proclaim a new one, but is thwarted by her ministers.
Citizens organize Committee of Safety. January 14.
Mass meeting at the Armory confirms the Committee of Safety organization and empowers it “to devise such ways and means as may be necessary to secure the permanent maintenance of law and order and the protection of life, liberty and property in Hawaii.”
Marines from the IT. S. S. Boston landed, 5 p. m. January 16.
Committee of Safety takes possession of the Government building, and proclaims the monarchical system of government abrogated and a provisional government established in its stead until terms of union with the United States may be agreed upon.
Resignation of Judge Sanford B. Dole from the Supreme bench to assume the head of affairs. January 17.
Special commissioners leave in steamer Claudine for Washington via San Francisco, to negotiate a Treaty of Annexation. January 19.
United States Minister Stevens, at request of Provisional Government, proclaims United States protectorate over Hawaii, pending results at Washington.
American flag hoisted over the Government building. February 1.
Annexation treaty signed at Washington; submitted to the Senate by President Harrison on the 17th. February 14.
Bureau of Agriculture and Forestry established. March 1.
Annexation Club organized. March.
President Cleveland (Dem.) withdraws Annexation Treaty from Senate. March 9.
Arrival of revenue cutter Richard Rush from San Francisco with President Cleveland ‘s special commissioner, Colonel Blount, to investigate the situation. March 27.
Commissioner Blount orders American flag lowered and the naval forces back to their warships.
Departure of Commissioner Blount for Washington. August 8
Opening of new macadamized road between Hilo and the Volcano of Kilauea, 32 miles distant. October 20.
U. S. Minister Willis arrived, accredited to President Dole and the Provisional Government, and opens negotiations with Liliuokalani with a view to her restoration. November 4.
Mass meeting in Honolulu protested against President Cleveland’s plan to restore Liliuokalani; pledged support to resist attacks oil Provisional Government contrary to usage of nations. November 25.
U. S. revenue cutter Corwin arrives with special dispatches for Minister Willis; strong rumors of restoration of Liliuokalani follow. December 14.
To relieve strain of political suspense President Dole designates prominent men to wait upon Minister Willis, to ascertain proposed plans. December 18.
Minister Willis informed President Dole that President Cleveland had assumed to arbitrate in behalf of Liliuokalani and concluded she was deposed through aid of United States forces; therefore, requested the Provisional Government to restore the Queen her authority. December 19.
President Dole replied to the demand of the United States through Minister Willis declining to accede, and refuting President Cleveland’s right of self-assumed arbitership. December 23.
Corwin departs for San Francisco with United States dispatches only. December 24.
1894 Celebration of first anniversary of establishment of the Provisional Government. January 14.
Neckar Island taken possession of by Capt. J. A. King, on behalf of Hawaii. May 27.
Constitutional Convention convened. May 30.
Constitutional Convention concludes labors. July 3
Declaration of the new Republic of Hawaii, by President Dole, in accordance with the new constitution. July 4.
S. N. Castle, a highly esteemed resident since 1837, died. July 14.
Kamehameha Girls’ School completed and opened. December 19.
1895  Schooner Wahlberg, from San Francisco, transfers arms and ammunition to steamer Waimanalo to be smuggled ashore, off Diamond Head, Honolulu.
Group of Hawaiians under leadership of Sang Nowlein and R. W. Wilcox surprised at dusk at Diamond Head arming to overthrow the government and restore the Queen. A squad of police and citizens’ guard were fired upon. C. L. Carter, of government force, fell mortally wounded. January 6.
Death of C. L. Carter. Martial law proclaimed. Battle of Moiliili, securing 33 prisoners; one of Capt. Ziegler’s company wounded. January 7.
Rattle of Manna Valley; three royalists killed, but nightfall enabled rebels to escape. January 9.
Sam Nowlein and three aids captured in hiding. Wilcox also found in fishing hut at Kalihi. January 14.
Arrest of Queen Liliuokalani who is confined to the executive building, formerly the Royal Palace. January 16.
Military Commission for trial of those implicated in uprising. Sittings from January 17 to end of February.
Ex-Queen sent to President Dole an abdication and renunciation of all sovereign rights, admitted and declared the Republic of Hawaii to be the lawful government, to which she certified her oath of allegiance. January 24.
Liliuokalani appeared before the Military Commission for trial charged with misprision of treason. February 5.
Sentence passed on Liliuokalani, being found by the Commission “guilty as charged.” February 27.
Military Commission closed its labors, having considered 190 cases, many of which plead guilty and but six acquitted. March 1.
Street letter boxes reestablished. May 1.
First typesetting machine in Hawaii operated in “The Honolulu Advertiser” newspaper office.
Extension of Oahu Railroad to Waianae. July 7.
French Frigate Shoals taken possession of by Capt. King for Republic of Hawaii. July 13.
First case of Asiatic cholera discovered in Honolulu; believed to have been introduced from Orient by S. S. Belgic. August 18. Strict quarantine established, inter-island travel interdicted. Later, business practically suspended to stamp out disease. Expense, $60,000.
Princess Ruth mansion, Emma street, purchased by Board of Education to be used for high school.
Liliuokalani released from custody, but subject to certain restriction of movements.
Initial export shipment of 486 eases canned pineapples. November 13.

1896-1898

1896 Restriction on movements of Liliuokalani removed. February 7. Mokuaweoweo, the summit of the volcano of Mauna Loa, burst forth in activity for a brief spell. April 21.
Volcanic activity at Kilauea renewed. July 11.
Official census of Islands taken. September 24.
Council of State votes a full pardon to Liliuokalani. October 26.
Opening night of the rebuilt music hall, by Annis Montague Turner and local amateurs, in opera of Il Trovatore. November 5.
1897  A. S. Willis, U. S. Minister, died at Honolulu, aged 54 years. January 6.
Several hundred Japanese immigrants, failing legal requirements, denied right to land. March 20.
Japanese cruiser Naniwa, commanded by Capt. (afterward famous Admiral) Togo, with special commissioner, arrives to investigate immigration matters. May 6.
New Annexation Treaty negotiated at Washington, with President McKinley. June 16.
Special session of Senate called to ratify Treaty of Annexation, which on the 9th carried unanimously. September 8.
Return of Princess Kaiulani after an absence abroad of eight years. November 9.
1898 President Dole leaves for Washington, D. C., in the interest of annexation. January 6.
Completion of Honolulu’s new central fire station. January 18.
Return of President Dole. March 4.
Treaty of Annexation withdrawn from the Senate. March 16.
Representative Newlands of Nevada introduced till annexation joint resolution in the house of Representatives. May 5.
Dowager Queen Kapiolani presents the U. S. S. Charleston with a silk American flag in grateful remembrance of the honor shown King Kalakaua. June 2.
Red Cross Society organized by ladies of Honolulu. June 6.
First excursion train of Oahu Railroad over their extension to Waialua, now a sugar estate. June 9.
Annexation resolution passed House of Representatives on a vote of 209 to 91. June 15.
The Senate confirmed the same by a vote of 42 to 21. July 6.
Joint Resolution of Annexation signed at the White House by President McKinley. July 7.
Arrival at Honolulu of Admiral Miller on U. S. S. Philadelphia, empowered with U. S. Minister Sewall to carry out the act of transfer. August 3.
“Flag raising” day. President Dole formally cedes jurisdiction and property of the Hawaiian Government to the United States of America. Hawaiian flag hauled down in presence of American and Hawaiian government officials, American flag raised; marines saluted. Hawaiian government, under the American flag, continues as a Republic until a Commission decides on the form of government for Hawaii. The interim government continued with President Dole governing until June 14, 1900, when Hawaii became a de facto territory of the United States. August 12.
In this year American troops en route to Philippines, landed at Honolulu for rest; naval vessels called for coal; the War Department established a military camp at Kapiolani Park and created the Military District of Hawaii, with regulars and volunteers in garrison. The Navy Department established a station at Honolulu, and prepared to create Pearl Harbor into a naval station.
Senators Morgan of Alabama and Cullom of Illinois, and Representative Hitt, arrive to join with President Dole and Associate Justice Frear in framing the Organic Act providing a government of Hawaii.
Camp McKinley, military post, established at Kapiolani Park. Brig. Gen. Charles King, U. S. A., arrives to assume command of district. August 28.

1899-1907

1899 Death of Princess Kaiulani. March 6.
First case bubonic plague in Honolulu. December 12.
1900 In the work of purifying part of the city, particularly Chinatown, that section was accidentally destroyed by fire, sweeping 38 acres. January 20.
Pioneer electric railway in Hawaii established at Honolulu.
Hawaii became a de facto territory of the United States, with S. B. Dole as first governor. June 14.
Wireless telegraphy introduced, but company (Marconi system) did not open for business until March, 1901.
R. W. Wilcox elected first delegate to Congress from Hawaii.
1901 Honolulu Rapid Transit Co. inaugurated. August 31.
First territorial legislature convened. February 20.
1902  Prince Jonah Kuhio Kalanianaole, titular prince of the former monarchy, elected delegate to U. S. Congress, as Republican.
Dredging Pearl Harbor bar at entrance, beginning of development of naval station. February 19.
U. S. Senatorial Commission begins investigation of affairs in the matter of proposal to make changes in the Organic Act, particularly with reference to lands.
Transfer of Anglican Church to Protestant Episcopal Church of America from His Lordship Bishop Alfred Willis to Bishop Nichols, of California. Bishop Willis sailed for Tonga.
Commercial Pacific Cable line landed at Waikiki, Honolulu, by cableship Silvertown, connecting San Francisco with Honolulu• Messages exchanged immediately; greetings from President Rouse velt and Clarence Mackay. Reception and ball in evening at Palace for officers of Silvertown. December 28.
1903 S. S. Korea (Pacific Mail) makes record between San Francisco and Honolulu in 4 days, 22 hours, 15 minutes. January.
Legislature creates county government, making each island a county. Alexander Young Hotel opened. July 31.
Sugar crop for year 437,991 tons.
Robert Wilcox, revolutionist, died.
County Act by Legislature, framed, effective January 4, 1904, dividing islands into five counties, viz., Oahu, Maui, Kauai (with Niihau), and Hawaii (divided into East and West). Supreme Court declared one portion of the Act unconstitutional.
Governor Dole leaves executiveship of Territory, through appointment by the President as federal judge.
George R. Carter, secretary of the Territory, appointed governor.
Inauguration. A. L. C. Atkinson named as secretary. November 23.
New Industrial School for Boys opened at Waialee, Oahu. May 13. Torrens Act for registering and confirming titles to land, passed by legislature, in effect. July 1.
New Oceanic wharf constructed. Plans for excavation of slips for great wharves facing on Allen street.
Old Odd Fellows’ building being replaced by four-story brick structure to cost $70,000.
Completion of deepening of Pearl Harbor bar; now 30 feet deep at low tide, with width of 200 feet for 2,000 feet. August 3.
Crew of French bark Constable de Richmond, wrecked on French Frigate Shoals, October 10, reach Niihau island. October 18.
Schr. Julia E. Whaler, with supplies for Midway Island cable from Honolulu, wrecked on Midway Island. October 28.
All Gilbert Islanders brought here years ago for plantation service sent home by S. S. Isleworth. October.
1905 County Government established.
1907 Legislature provided for establishment of Agricultural College. Governor Carter resigned governorship. August 15. Judge W. F.
Frear appointed and inaugurated governor. August 15.
Second group of Filipinos for plantation field service arrived on Nippon Mara. February. Third shipment. July.
First Los Angeles Chamber of Commerce excursion party arrived on S. S. Ohio. March.
Oahu Country Club, Honolulu, opened. April 27.
First party of Congressmen from Washington visited Hawaii to learn about Islands. $15,000 expenses paid by legislature. May
More immigrants from Madeira Islands arrived on S. S. Kumeric. June.
Japanese government, by arrangement with United States, limited emigrants to Hawaii to 200 a month.
Commercial Club opened. July 20.
Makapun lighthouse under construction cast end of Calm, to have most powerful light in Pacific.
Hawaii’s koa lumber finds market on American mainland.
$410,000 improvement in Honolulu harbor begun by War Department. February.

 1908-1916

1908 Bids Opened for Hilo breakwater. larch. Construction commenced. September 12.
Kahului harbor breakwater practically completed at private expense. Work begins on construction of naval base and drydock, Pearl Harbor
Tobacco plantation established at Kona, Hawaii.
Hawaiian Pineapple Growers’ Association organized. May.
Famous Atlantic Fleet, Rear Admiral Sperry, arrived on world cruise. July 16.
Pacific Fleet arrived from San Francisco, Rear Admiral W. A. Swinburne, commanding. September 2.
Hawaii presents Mark Twain with koa mantel piece on his birthday in recognition of his friendly interest.
New McKinley High School opened. September 11.
Work begins on additional buildings for Fort Shatter.
Dr. Robert Koch, world ‘s eminent bacteriologist, stored at Honolulu; visited leper settlement on Molokai.
1909 New municipal government of City and County of Honolulu inaugurated, J. J. Fern first mayor. January 4.
Pier 7, Honolulu ‘s modern wharf, finished. January 4.
New royal mausoleum crypt for bodies of members of the Kalakaua dynasty completed; cost $25,000.
Kauai completed twelve miles railroad from Makaweli to Kolua; company capitalized at $125,000.
Hilo Railroad Company completed fifteen miles to Hakalau from Hilo along scenic Hamakua coast.
Prof. T. A. Jaggar proposed that Massachusetts Institute of Technology established observatory and laboratory for study of earthquake and volcanic phenomena on brink of Kilauea volcano island of Hawaii, as being best location in world. Proposition promised local aid.
First lot of Russian immigrants from Siberia arrived, comprising fifty families. (This and later experiments were unsuccessful and plan was abandoned.) October 21
Brig-Ben. John .T. Pershing visited Honolulu; also John Burroughs, naturalist.
Lighthouses established and lighted at Makapuu Point, Oahu; Kalawao, Molokai; Kailua, Hawaii.
New University Club buildings opened at Haalelea Lawn. August 5.
New Methodist church and new Kaumakapili (native) church approaching completion. Mid-Pacific Institute completed.
Memorial arch erected at Kailua, Hawaii, in memory of first missionaries, and of Opukahaia and his native Christian comrades.
Revenue cutter Thetis captures twenty-three Japanese bird poachers on Laysan Island, west of Hawaii (part of group). Value of plumage taken was $122,000.
1910 Second federal census of Hawaii taken under direction of Dr. Victor S. Clark; total of 191,909 souls, as against 154,000 in 1900. April 15.
“Bud” Mars introduced aviation at Moanalua, near Honolulu. December 31.
1911 Cholera outbreak controlled; under authority of U. S. Public Health Department, all banana plants in Honolulu cut down to prevent yellow fever entering city, on ground they were breeders of mosquitoes, February.
Honolulu petitioned that federal building be located on square opposite old royal palace, instead of on Mahuka site, in business district.
S. S. Orteric arrived from Portugal with 1,451 Spanish and Portuguese immigrants. April 13.
Naval drydock work at Pearl Harbor naval station progressing; 2,500 piles driven in coral floor of site for a firm foundation.
“Pan-Pacific Travel Congress” launched to promote amity between countries in and bordering upon the Pacific. February.
Schooner Moi Wahine and U. S. Lighthouse tender Kukui collide in Molokai channel, former sinking. All hands lost except Captain Sam Mana, who swam twenty miles to Lanai Island. February 27.
Lava brick plant established at Kaimuki, Honolulu; capacity 20,000 bricks per clay.
Rubber plantation at Nahiku, Maui, appears to be flourishing, with 350,000 trees set out.
McKinley statue at McKinley High School unveiled.
Dr. Frank Perret, of volcanic research renown, and Dr. F. S. Shepherd, of the Carnegie Institute, Washington, study Kilauea volcano; secure temperature reading of molten lava, recording 1010 centigrade. July 30.
Sheffield Choir, 200 voices, gave concerts in Honolulu. May.
French aviator Masson made successful monoplane flights from Schofield Barracks to Kapiolani Park, Honolulu, June 18. Residents observed Coronation Day in honor of King George V and Queen Mary. June 22.
Souna’s band gave two concerts at Honolulu.
Mass meeting passed resolutions favoring unlimited arbitration between England and United States; Dr. David Starr Jordan talked on International Peace. July 9.
Duke P. Kahanamoku, of Hui Nalu club, made two amateur swimming records; 100 yards, 55 2-5 seconds; 50 yards, 24 1-5 seconds. August 13.
1912 Cornerstone of College of Hawaii laid. January 22. Building completed in July; cost, $66,000.
Library of Hawaii completed at cost of $105,000.
Alice Mackintosh memorial bell tower of St. Andrew’s Cathedral completed and dedicated by Bishop Restarick. June 2.
Fire department commenced change from animal to motor equipment.
Federal Telegraph Co. (Poulson system), opened news service between Pacific Coast and Oahu. July 28.
U. S. S. California fiat modern warship to steam up newly dredged channel from sea to Pearl Harbor Naval Station. December 14.
Duke P. Kahanamoku, Hawaii’s champion swimmer, goes to Sweden, via New York, making the American team for the Olympic games at Stockholm. His 100-meter dash at Stockholm, July 6, won victory for America and gave him championship of the world; record time, 62 2-5 seconds. Broke own record at Hamburg and at other places. Accorded “aloha” welcome at Honolulu and presented with house and lot at Waikiki.
1913 Naval drydock, Pearl Harbor, collapsed when caisson pumped out. February 17. New plans for holding bottom discussed and experts sera by rav to Honolulu to determine new method construction.
L. E. Pinkham appointed fourth Governor of Hawaii.
Bronze memorial unveiled at Oahu College on 74th birthday anniversary of late Gen. Samuel C. Armstrong, of Hawaii, Civil War general, and founder of Hampton Institute, Va. January 30.
Rev. H. H. Parker completed 50th anniversary of occupancy of Kawaiahno church pulpit, Honolulu. June 28.
1914 Primary laws effective at year’s elections.
Centenary of Kamehameha III observed at Kawaiahao church; also at Keauhou, Kona, Hawaii, his birthplace, where a tablet was unveiled. Queen Liliuokalani and the High Chiefess Kekanian Pratt attended both observances. March 17.
Coffee crop for year estimated at 45,000 bags.
Sugar output estimated at 620,000 tons, with low market price.
Chamber of Commerce and -Merchants’ Association amalgamate, under name of Chamber of Commerce. May 27.
New Matson Navigation Company steamer Matsonia arrived, five days 4 hours 6 minutes. February 2.
New Matson steamer Manoa arrived. March.
Capt. H. C. Houdlette, commanding the Oceanic S. S. Sierra, on arrival, rounded out its 100th voyage between San Francisco and Honolulu. March 2.
German refugee ships sought and received shelter in Honolulu harbor. German gunboat Geier was interned; sixteen merchant steamers also interned. Japanese battleship Hizen, cruising off Honolulu, captured German schooner Aeolus, and burned and sank prize with copra cargo, outside three-mile limit. Vessel and cargo valued at $80,000.
Mary Castle Trust trustees donated old Kawaiahao Seminary lot in Mission Center to Hawaiian Board of Missions for Mission Memorial building.
Capt. Henri Berger’s 70th birthday honored by special band concert, attended by high officials, when he was decorated with a gold badge in token of esteem for his 42 years of service as director of the old Royal Hawaiian Band. August 2.
1915 U. S. Submarine F-4 sank while entering the channel to Honolulu harbor from sea cruise. Efforts to raise the submarine were extraordinary and vessel was brought up from 50 fathoms depth of water. March 25. (She was in a broken, bruised condition and only bones and other almost unidentifiable remains of the officers and crew were found when vessel was dragged ashore.)
S. S. Great Northern departed from Honolulu, 11 p. m., reaching San Francisco in record breaking trip, 3 days 18 hours. December 6.
1916 Kuhio wharf, Hilo, completed. Protected by breakwater.
Inter-Island S. S. Co. installing second coaling plant.
Coaling plant, with wharf, railroad and hoisting towers in operation at Pearl Harbor naval station; 1,000-foot concrete wharf at head of drydock is nearing completion at navy yard; naval high power radio station practically complete.
United States accepted Civic Center site for Federal building, giving up original Mahuka site. To construct million-dollar building.
Princeville plantation property, Kauai, sold to Lihue Sugar Plantation for $250,000.
Fifteen new buildings finished at Fort De Russy, cost $100,000.
Hilo Federal building, costing $200,000, almost completed.
Hawaiian sugar Planters’ Association, in view of high prices for sugar, evolved plan for bonus payments to all employees, office, mill and field. Estimated bonus payments $4,000,000.
Government plans restoration of the more important ancient Hawaiian temples (heiaus) found worthy of preservation.
Mme. Melba revisited Honolulu and gave concert.
Maui held first county fair at Wailuku. November 30-December 2.

1917-1923

1917 Interned German steamers Holsatia, Setos, Pommern, Prinz Waldemar and others, set fire to by their German crews, and machinery wrecked.
Gunboat Geicr likewise wrecked. American bluejackets and marines save Geier from destruction. Captain Grasshof surrendered his vessel which was under parole. Officers and men taken to military posts for imprisonment. Other merchant vessels were Longmoon, Staatssekreter Kraetke, Gouverneur Jaeschke and schooner Hermes; also steamer 0. J. D. Ahlers, at Hilo.
German gunboat Geier, reconditioned at Pearl Harbor, renamed U S. S. Carl Schurz, commissioned and sent to Atlantic where later it was sunk in collision with an American ship.
Severe rain storm swept Oahu; 13.36 inches rain fell in 24 hours; roads badly damaged. March 19.
Hawaii entered war by giving liberally to all calls for funds to conduct the war against Germany. First Liberty loan drive, in June, contributed $4,857,850, far above estimate; the second, in October, $8,060,800, going over allotment by $5,000,000. The army alone subscribed $1,269,150. Red Cross funds contributed totaled $233,291.25. April 6.
Island of Lanai sold as cattle ranch to F. F. and H. A. Baldwin for $588,000.
Royal Hawaiian hotel sold to Army and Navy “Y” for $250,000.
Ainahau, once home of Princess Likelike and Princess Kaiulani, at Waikiki, sold and divided into building lots.
“Honolulu Hale,” adjoining old post office on Merchant street, built of coral blocks, constructed in 1843 as Hawaii’s first executive building, razed.
New Matson liner Maui arrives on maiden voyage from San Francisco. Soon afterward the Maui, Matsonia and Wilhelmina were commandeered by the U. S. government as transports in the Atlantic.
Kilauea volcano active. May.
War registration throughout Hawaii, with total of 25,970. July 31.
Officers and crew of Schr. Churchill, wrecked on French Frigate Shoals, brought to Honolulu in sampan. October 30.
“Draft day,” 300 men being drawn in each of the six draft districts. November 1.
Former Queen Liliuokalani died at Washington Place. November 11. State funeral of Liliuokalani from former royal palace. Interment in Kalakaua crypt, at Royal Mausoleum in Nuuann Valley. November 18.
Another Congressional party from Washington visited Islands on invitation of the Hawaiian Legislature, all expenses paid. Trip halted by death of Queen Liliuokalani.
1918 Hindu poet, Rabindranath Tagore, visitor. January 23.
Sir Ernest Shackleton, explorer, a visitor. April 3.
Rev. H. H. Parker, pastor of Kawaiahao (native) church for 54 years, resigned.
C. J. McCarthy appointed sixth governor of Hawaii.
Dr. W. T. Brigham, director of the Bishop Museum, Honolulu, from 1889, resigned. Appointed curator emeritus.
Capt. William Matson, founder of the Matson -Navigation Co., old time master of sailing vessels between San Francisco and Hilo, died at San Francisco.
New Pearl Harbor radio station formally opened, exchanging messages with Sayville, L. I. September 28.
Copper pennies, 5,000 imported by banks because of small war taxes needs; first to be used here.
Gale blowing 52 miles an hour struck Honolulu, lasting three days, uprooting thousands of algaroba trees, wrecking telephone-electric wire poles. Damage estimated $500,000. December 3.
1919 Hawaiian senate voted down female suffrage.
Fifth Victory Loan drive raised $5,005,650, or $217,650 above quota. April 24.
Summary of Hawaii’s share in various war loans, Red Cross, United War Work, etc., covering war objects, showed total of $34,000,000. April.
Fiftieth anniversary of establishment of Y. M. C. A. in Honolulu observed. April 30.
Kamehameha Day, one hundredth anniversary of death of Kamehameha the Great, observed with historical procession. June 11.
Two army seaplanes left Luke Field 9:10 a. m. with one bag mail, and arrived at Hilo 1 p. m., 190 miles. July 3.
Bank of Honolulu, owned by Irwin interests, sold to Honolulu capitalists.
Formal dedication of Pearl Harbor Naval Station drydock, with Secretary of Navy Josephus Daniels, principal speaker, accompanied by Admiral Parke, engineer of dock. Said it would be available to merchant marine vessels. Daniels arrived on U. S. S. New York. August 21.
Eruption of Mauna Loa, at elevation of 10,000 feet. Lava flowed rapidly down mountain, crossing government road in Kona district and fell into sea at Alika. September 29. Followed by tidal wave on Kona coast. October 2. Eruption ceased November 11.Admiral Lord Jellicoe, hero of Jutland, visited Honolulu on H. B. M. S. New Zealand. October 31.
Territory purchased Ala Moana property (Kewalo) to dredge ship slip and build wharf for lumber carriers; purchase price $125,000.
Territory purchased shore frontage at Kapiolani Park for War Memorial Park, cost $200,000.
1920 Opening of hundredth anniversary of arrival of first American missionaries in Hawaii; special guests from mainland representing missions, churches, colleges; included historical procession, historical Hawaiian pageant at Rocky Hill, Punahou, depicting old Hawaiian life, arrival of missionaries, education of Hawaiians, etc. Eminent mainland speakers at Kawaiahao church. April 11. Celebration lasted week. Prince of Wales was special guest at the Hawaiian Pageant, April 13.
Prince of Wales arrived on H. B. M. S. Renown. April 13.
1921 Gov. C. J. McCarthy (Dem.) resigned office to accept Honolulu Chamber of Commerce representation at Washington.
Wallace R. Farrington (Rep.) named Governor by President Harding.
Hawaiian Homes Act (Rehabilitation Act) passed by Congress, providing for Hawaiian Homes Commission at Honolulu, to set apart territorial lands for Hawaiians in “back to soil plan.” This was the life hope of Prince Kalanianaole, delegate to Congress. First experiments to be on Molokai. July 9.
Reclamation of Waikiki swamps (Honolulu) commenced; provides for drainage canal to open sea and filling in.
T. H. Davies & Co. business block ($1,600,000), an art structure of unusually attractive design, completed.
Pan-Pacific Educational Conference convened, to discuss possibilities and needs of education in the several countries, viewed from standpoint of their civilization, form of government, etc. Delegates present from many countries. August.
S. S. Empire State made run from Yokohama to Honolulu in 8 days 40 minutes. Following month Golden State (Pacific Mail) made run in 7 days 1S hours. September 19.
Oysters planted at Pearl Harbor and Kaneohe Bay, Oahu; also rainbow trout eggs from Utah, Colorado, placed in Kauai island streams.
Sehr. Carrier Dore wrecked at Kalae o Kalaau Point, -Molokai, with copra cargo from Tonga; total loss. November 2.
Historic Ainahau, residence in monarchy times of Princess Likelike and daughter, Princess Kaiulani, burned. August 2.
Swedish yacht Fidra, formerly Lord Dunraven’s racing yacht Caseiad; American steam yacht Aloha (Commodore Jarnes, N. Y.), visited Honolulu.
Aloha Press Congress (Press Congress of the World) convened at Moana Hotel, delegates from all parts of world, to discuss press service. October.
1922 Prince Jonah Kalanianaole, last titular prince of the monarchy, nephew of King Kalakaua, delegate to Congress from Hawaii for 20 years, died at Waikiki. January 7.
Hundredth anniversary of first printing in Hawaii on missionary press, Honolulu. January 7.
Opening of million-dollar Federal building, Honolulu. April 1. Opening of historic Washington Place mansion as governor’s official residence. April 20.
H. A. Baldwin elected delegate to Congress to succeed Prince Kuhio. W. P. Jarrett (Dem.) elected delegate to Congress, succeeding Baldwin.
S. S. City of Los Angeles arrived, inaugurating new Los Angeles Steamship Company service to Honolulu. July 17.
Second liner, City of Honolulu, burned at sea; no loss of life.
S. S. Laconia arrived with round-the-world party of 420. December 16.
1923 S. S. Resolute arrived with round-the-world party of 462. February 1.
S. S. Empress of France arrived with round-the-world party of 800. February 16.
Hawaiian legislature passes Hawaii’s “Bill of Rights” addressed to Congress, asking that the Territory of Hawaii be more liberally regarded by Congress in appropriations, on ground that Hawaii is an integral part of the United States. March.
Harbor Commission program approved by legislature to develop great wharves at Honolulu, Kahului and Hilo. March.
New Inter-Island S. S. Company express liner Haleakala arrived from Philadelphia to go on “Volcano Route,” Honolulu to Hilo. March 15.
S. S. Dianna Kea rammed lumber schooner Mary F,. Foster causing latter to become total loss on Diamond Head reef. April 20.
S. S. Samaria arrived with round-the-world party of 400. May 7.
U. S. S. Omaha made record run, Honolulu to San Francisco, in 3 days hours 40 minutes. May 8.
S. S. President Taft made record run. Yokohama to Honolulu, in 7 days 8 hours 30 minutes. June 7.
California yachts finisher- race Santa Barbara to Honolulu; won by Diablo, with Mariner second. Spindrift and Viking were third and fourth. July 31.
Opened with great building projects for Honolulu, including completion of Castle & Cooke office building, of classic design; construction of new First National Bank Building; construction of new Bishop Bank building; Hawaiian Electric Co. building; in downtown group, adjacent to T. H. Davies & Co. building and Young hotel. January.

1924-1926

1924 House of Representatives (Washington) passed unanimously Hawaii’s “Bill of Rights.” Senate passed Bill. January.
National Parks Bureau convention, on mainland, resulted in large appropriations for Hawaii National Park (Kilauea volcano), for roads, trails, improvements. January.
Old Pali road reconstructed. February.
French cruiser Jeanne d’Arc departed for France after visiting Honolulu for 10 days. February 4.
S. S. Laconia visited Honolulu with round-the-world party of 720. February 6.
Commissioner-General W. W. Husband, of Federal immigration bureau, reorganized Honolulu station. March.
British battleship Hood, cruiser Repulse, and lesser warships arrived at Honolulu. June 6.
Huge triple pier (wharves 8, 9 and 10) completed, adding enormous dock space for ocean liners. July 30.
1925 American war fleet conducts notable maneuvers in Hawaiian waters. April.
Commander John Rodgers and crew of navy plane PN-9 flew from San Francisco to within 180 miles of Maui. September 2. Lost until September 10, when discovered by navy submarine. Crew received great official welcome in Honolulu.
Hawaiian Historical Society launched plan for celebration in January, 1928, of 150th anniversary of discovery of Hawaiian Islands by Capt. James Cook, details proposed by A. P. Taylor, librarian, Archives of Hawaii. August. Hawaiian Legislative Commission takes plan to Washington to urge State Department to extend invitations to Governments of Great Britain, France, Spain, Russia, Sweden, to join with United States in mobilizing a squadron off Kealakekua Bay, Hawaii, on January 16, 1928, to fire a salute of honor to Capt. Cook. November 11.
“Aloha Tower,” at foot of Fort street, rising to dominate waterfront anti be a welcome beacon to travelers. (Dedicated July, 1926)
Governor Farrington reappointed by President Coolidge. March. S. M. Damon Building (Bishop Bank) opened. November 9. First National Bank building completed. December.
Ground broken for new Bank of Hawaii building. November 13.
Malolo, finest passenger vessel ever constructed in an American shipyard being constructed at Philadelphia for Matson Navigation Co., to be completed 1927 and make run between San Francisco and Honolulu in 41/2 days. November.
New Royal Hawaiian Hotel, to cost $2,000,000, being erected at Waikiki on site of old Seaside Hotel. Owned by Territorial Hotel Co. and Matson Navigation Co.
Lord Allenby a visitor in Honolulu. May.
Hawaiian Historical Society adopts Taylor plan for sesquicentennial of Captain Cook’s discovery of Hawaii, for 1928. June.
1926 Sanford B. Dole, former President of Republic of Hawaii, died.
June 9. State funeral June 11.
Matson liner Malolo launched at Philadelphia. June 26.
Honolulu celebrates Sesquicentennial of Independence with monster military and civic parade and night pageant. July 5.
Daughters and Sons of Hawaiian Warriors honor old U. S. Frigate Constellation at Sesquicentennial Exposition, Philadelphia, by presenting a Hawaiian flag and leis. July 7. (See Constellation, July, 1843.)
Crown Prince and Princess of Sweden visit Honolulu. August 9. Oceanic S. S. Co. liners arrive under Matson Navigation Co. flag. May.
German cruiser Hamburg, first to visit Honolulu since World War, arrives. June.
New Territorial Office building occupied. October. New Cooke Memorial Museum completed. Sugar output for 1926, estimated, 757,000 tons.

 


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