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Papers of William Henry Lyttelton 1756-1760

Letterbooks of William Henry Lyttleton 1756-1760: This collection contains papers relating to William Henry Lyttelton’s career as governor of South Carolina, including letters from officials in London; correspondence with other southern governors relating to Indian affairs, frontier defense, and boundaries; correspondence with military officers in America; and communications with the South Carolina Commons House and Council. A series of reports by Edmond Atkin, superintendent of Indian affairs in the Southern District, provides valuable information on the Cherokees, Creeks, and Chickasaws. There are 142 items, 1761-1766, concerning Lyttelton’s governorship of Jamaica, including material on the Negro insurrection of 1765 in St. Mary’s Parish.

1758, February 20, Letter to His Excellency

Sir Your Dispatches of the 18th and 30th tell I received the 18th Just –f. James Holmes, The lak Affair of Sam Binn is Intirely forgot, and the Indians all satisfy’d, As to the Tellico People Jean Denture to Afsure you Excellency that they are Entirely Reformed, and behave Ex treamly well, and (Thank God) we at present live in Great Harmony, and Friendship with all the Nation. On the 15th selt arrived at this Fort the Little Carpenter, and the Great Warriour of Chotta, with their Party, they brought with them, two French men, and the Twighvee Indian woman Prisoner, Six Frenchmen, and Six Twighvee Indian Scalps, I received them with all the Marks of Honour and Friendship, I cou’d; by Saluting them with all the Fort Guns, and Having the Garrifson under arms, and provided some __ituals to Repreth them, The Young follower of the Gang Encampt Just by the fort, and the head men stay’d with me all Night in the Fort. I cou’d have wish’d to Rewarded them Accordingly to their Merritt, but as your Excellency must be Sensible of the Quantity of Indian Presents; now in the Fort, it is Uselfs to Acquaint you, that it was not in my Power, but as I obliged to make the best of the little I had; I presented them with only the few following Articles, As the Gang Consisted of Forty two men; To Each I Gave a white Shirt af_ Books, a flap, and some paint, and a Gun to Each man that killed or took a prisoner, (___15) On the 16th in the Morning...

1758, November 27, Fort Loudoun

Sir this is to acquaint, your Excellency that the 25 jnstant two Runners came to latt me know that the great Warriour and judge Friend, (who had been to war Some time ago towards the French Fort) were at a Day’s Journey from the Fort; Accordingly yesterday, judge Friend with his Gang Came, and told me that the great Warrior and him, with the rest would wait on me, which they did, j recived them with the Honour that they expect on Such Occasion, j gave them an Entertainment, and the two warriors dined with me, they brought three Scalps, and by what they found in the Enemy’s Camp, they were Tweecktwees, and are the Same that killed our Hunters and the White Man about 31 Days 40 miles from us. Great Warrior told me that they had been great way up la belle Riveire, that they found the Tracks of great many Men, that had been Scouting the Bateaux that went to Du Quine, but could never find an Opportunity to Signalize themselves till they came to the French hunting Ground; where they discovered frech Tracks they followed them, and a Dog that they had with them, gave the Enemy the Alarm, on which they Run, and they firing on them, they killed three, and wounded another on the Arm, who made his Escape, tho followed very close. The Entertainment and their Discourse being over, finding that they were waiting for their Presents, j ordered to give to the 3 warriors that had killed their Enemy, one Gun, one Match Coot, one Shirt, one pair of Boots, and...

1759, January 1, Fort Loudoun

Sir J have recived your Excellency’s Dispatche of the 15 December Sic Days before j recived from Lieut. Outerbriege a Copy of Mr. Duvalt’s Letters, and in the Same time, two of your Letters, one Octr. 27th, the other Novr. 18th immediately j sent to Old Hop to acquaint him that j had Letters to Communicate to him the next Day. Accordingly j went, and found him in the Town House, with many jndians. J thanck’d him in your Name for all the goods Talks that he had given from timt to time and hoped he would percerer in his Friendship, and if in case our Enemy Should Ever attempt to come to attack us, that we should all join together to drive them out of the Nation. He then Said they would. J then read to them the Letter that Lieut. Outerbriege had sent. When Old Hop heard it, e Smiled and Said that he could not belive that the French would attempt Such Thing, but if they do you may be sure of our Assistance, lett you stand fast to your Fort said he, and let us alone for the rest. As Soon j have heard Said he, that you was Coming j have called all the Warriors together, they are come you shall hear further from us; j wish with all my Heart, they may be true. Judge Friend was with me yesterday, and as we were talking of you Excellency’s Letter, j desired him to tell me jngeniously if he taught all the Towns would raise in Arms against the French in case they should...

1758, March 2, Fort Loudoun

Sir Your Dispatch I received the 28th ultimate and immediately ordered Willm. Woodwareth to get himSelf ready. I am very Glad that the Earl of Loudoun has granted us Provisions, and would to God, it had be so before I come to this Place, it would have saved me great deal of trouble & uneaSiness. You acquaint me, Sir, that Mr. Stead is to Supply the Fort with ProviSions, I wiSh he may Send Send Some Body as soom as possible to Settle with with my store Keeper, and Send Some Meat Kind, for there is none to be got for Money and the Little that I cam git I must give orders on the Traders at very dear Rate, except two that I gave Certificates I have Corn Enough, and flower Such as it is. If there is no ProviSions granted for Indians, I don’t know what to do, they expect to be entairten’d when they go to war, and when they come back, and Every time they come to give a Talk in the Fort, and on other Meeting. For my Part as long as I stay here, I allways entertain themm, because as I am on the spot I know the Consequence of it and I would not disoblige them, for such Tifles. Here has been lately Belts of Wampon, sent the French, to invite them to com and see them, the lame Arm Warrior of Tullivo, to Chotee to acquaint the Head Men, and afterwards came to the Fort and told me of it; and said that he would not mind them anymore, but would...

1757, August 4, Letter to Cherokee Nation

Edmon Pittkins Esq. His Britainioh Majesty King George’s Agent for and Superintendent of the Affairs of his faithfull Allies the Severall Nations of Indians fr_habiting the frontiers of his colonife of Original, North Carolina, and South Carolina, and Georgia and their Confererates To Conicoughly Governour of the whole Nation of Cherokee Indians. Brother, King George the father of all the white people L____ on thir Side the Great Water, hath talen it into Consideration that the Governour’s of his severall Colonies have Enough to do to mind wile the Affairs of the White people; and cannot go to Visit the red people their friends by which means these Affairs have not been so late taken care off they aright to have been, Therefore the King thought it good to Appoint Sir William Johnson to take care of the Afairs his Allies the Six Unitted Nations & there Confederates, And sent me over to take care of and mind Entirely the Affairs of the Severall Nations of Indians his friends, Living Near his People in Virginia, North & South Carolina & Georgia and their Confederates. The King hath Always carried in his Mind and Remember’s well the Treaty of Friendship & Command made with him by his Good Friends and Allies the Cherokee’s in 1730 when maylog sent Deputies over the Great Water to him for that Purpose. We then fastened one End of the Chain of Friendship made between him and them to his own breast, and bid them carry the other end of the chain and fasten it to the breast of Maylog and to the breats’ of...

1757, October 11, Letter #2

Sir On the 13th September arrived at his House Judge Friend very Sick from Virginia, he has brought some Horses Loaded with presents, and a White Man to wait on him, the next Day at his own Request I went to see him, as he Lives but Little Distance from the Fort. he told me he was very glad to see me, and if he had been well, he would have sav’d me the Trouble, but as soon as he should find himself better, he would come to have a talk with me, and would Inquire of the Conduct of Some of the Indiens, Expecially, of the Telliquo People, & that he Loved the English, and was always ready to serve them, he also Said he was going to Chotee to speak to the Indiens in favour of the English, how friendly he had been used by them, and at the same time Deliver them Mr. Alkins Talk, which said Talk I send your Excellency a Copy of, the very same Evening I received from Chotee the Compliments of Old Hopp, Little Capenter, the Great Warrier, and other-headmen, Desireing me to come the Next Day to see their Green Corn Dance, and the Path very Clear; Accordingly I went, and was received by Old Hopp, who Sat by me most all the time, Then they began their sort of Dancing, some time after the women were Called, who appeared in their Best apparel; in the highth of their Dance, News were brought that three Cataubaws Indiens were comeing; who had been Invited by Judge Friend in his return from...

1757, October 8, Willanawa’s Talk

Wee the Cherokees have always received good Talks from our Brother the Governor of South Carolina, till this Last, which is Concerning the Spilling of Blood, Wee hope Neverthelefs, that we shall ever for the future, have Contrary Talks, Wee hope our Ears will always be Open, to hear what Our Father King George, and our Brother in Carolina says to us. The Governor of Chotee is present, and hears my Talk, He Loves his People, As his Father King George Order’d him, to Love and Regard all the English & Cherokees, who are Brothers and all his Children, The People of Tellico have Lately been Rogues, The Talks that they dayly receive from the English shall be remember’d, as Long as the Sun shall Shine,. It is true the Savannahs have been hearkened to Lately in our Nation, it is Now past and for the future Our Ears shall be shut to them, And open to Nothing, but what our Friends the English shall tell us. The Tellico People have Lately Talked Good, And promised, not to hearken any more to the Savannahs. And they haope, that when they have confirmed their Talks by Killing some of them, that the Governor will believe them, and think no more of the white Blood that was Spilt in their Town,. This is what we tell you Now and we hope you will consider it shou’d the Savannah’s or any other Enemy Come tp Molest, Either you or Us we are Determined to Share the Same fate with you Our Brothers; Tho we have lost many of our Old Warriers at...

1758, October 15, Fort Loudoun

Sir two Days ago j recived you Excellency’s Letter of the 28th of August, with another for Old Hop. Accordingly yesterday j went to Chotee and delivered it to him he told me, he was very glad to hear from you, and desired me to acquaint your Excellency that you Might depend on him, and that he would do always his best Endeavours, to keep Peace & Harmony between the English, & his People, that he was very Sorry, for what had happened but he could not help it. As Mr. Beamer’s Son was with me, he gave him a String of White Wampum to deliver to the jndians of the lower Towns, and desired him to tell them, that as he had the Promises of all the Upper Towns, to not molest the English, but to be united together, he expected that they would do the Same, and if any Thing happened to them, it Should be their own fault, for said he, the English are our Brothers & friends; he has sent an other String of white Wampum, to the Middle Settlements, with a Strong Talk. He and j lives in very good understanding together, he comes to see me very often, and tells me j am his best friend. J hope you Tecellency has recived the Letter that j sent by Mr. Martin, and you may be assured that if any Good Party offers to go to War towards the French Fort, j shall encourage them. The jndians say that the Expresses have lost the way to the Upper Cherokees. J should be infinetly obliged to...

1758, November 6, Fort Loudoun

Sir J recived your Letter of the 2 of Octr. And Since j had the Honour to write you Excellency last, Every Body has been very Quiet in these Parts. Few Days ago old Hop invited me to go to his Town, accordingly j went; as j was riding throw their Towns j was Sruprised to See all their House Shewt up, and no Man, When j camd to Chotee j asked the old Man what was become of all the Men, for j had seen but three of four, he answered they are all gone hunting but, said he, j am afraid they will Come back Soon, for Said he, last Night a Runner came to me, & said that a Party that went down the River, Beaver Hunting had been Surrounded by the Enemy’s jndians, and four of them had been killed, and a whit Man with them, and two had made their excape, four Days ago said he, an other Party that was going hunting, they agreed in the Morning to be a Certain place at Night, and a Man & his wife went first, the rest followed them, little while after they had not been long, before they found the man and woman killed on the Path, and Scalped, an which they came back, and have alarmed Many Camps, & great many are coming back, j do not know Said Old Hop, if our Enemy’s or Friends have done it, but continued he, our young People, have killed Some of our Friends, and j am a afraid we shall Suffer for it. J was told...
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