Tobacco has been one of the most important gifts from the New World to the Old. In spite of the attempts of various authors to prove its Old World origin there can be no doubt that it was introduced into both Europe and Africa from America. Most species of Nicotiana are native to the New World, and there are only a few species which are undoubtedly extra- American. The custom of smoking is also characteristic of America. It was thoroughly established throughout eastern North and South America at the time of the discovery; and the early explorers, from Columbus on, speak of it as a strange and novel practice which they often find it hard to describe. It played an important part in many religious ceremonies, and the beliefs and observances connected with it are in themselves proof of its antiquity. Hundreds of pipes have been found in the pre-Columbian mounds and village sites of the eastern United States and, although these remains cannot be dated, some of them must be of considerable age. In the southwestern United States the Basket Makers, an ancient people whose remains are found below those of the prehistoric Cliff Dwellers, were smoking pipes at a time which could not have been much later than the beginning of our era.
Articles of a treaty made at Stockbridge in the Territory of Wisconsin, on the third day of September in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and thirty-nine (treaty of 3 September 1839), between the United States of America, by their commissioner Albert Gallup, and the Stockbridge and Munsee tribes of Indians, who
An historical overview of southeastern United States Indian research.
Indian Stories, Myths and Legends
Partly because of their age Indian Cemeteries can be difficult to locate unless they were on an Indian Reservation. Over the years many of the Indian Cemeteries have been desecrated or possibly moved. On these lists we welcome your transcriptions of Cemeteries, links to ones presently on line, or answers to other peoples questions about a grave in a cemetery. If you have transcribed a cemetery and would like to have that online and do not have web space, just ask and we will be pleased to provide you space.
You research your Indian genealogy using the same technique you would for any other ancestry. Start with yourself and work your way back, no short cuts! Don’t start with Sacagawea, because somebody in your family says you’re related to her, and try to work your way forward. YOU need to step your way backward in