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Use Of Tobacco Among North American Indians

Tobacco has been one of the most important gifts from the New World to the Old. In spite of the attempts of various authors to prove its Old World origin there can be no doubt that it was introduced into both Europe and Africa from America. Most species of Nicotiana are native to the New World, and there are only a few species which are undoubtedly extra- American. The custom of smoking is also characteristic of America. It was thoroughly established throughout eastern North and South America at the time of the discovery; and the early explorers, from Columbus on, speak of it as a strange and novel practice which they often find it hard to describe. It played an important part in many religious ceremonies, and the beliefs and observances connected with it are in themselves proof of its antiquity. Hundreds of pipes have been found in the pre-Columbian mounds and village sites of the eastern United States and, although these remains cannot be dated, some of them must be of considerable age. In the southwestern United States the Basket Makers, an ancient people whose remains are found below those of the prehistoric Cliff Dwellers, were smoking pipes at a time which could not have been much later than the beginning of our era.

Stockbridge-Munsee Roll and Schedule

Articles of a treaty made at Stockbridge in the Territory of Wisconsin, on the third day of September in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and thirty-nine (treaty of 3 September 1839), between the United States of America, by their commissioner Albert Gallup, and the Stockbridge and Munsee tribes of Indians, who reside upon Lake Winnebago in the territory of Wisconsin. Names of Heads of Families of Emigrating PartyNumber of each FamilyNumber of Acres of land of each FamilyValue of lands in Dollars and CentsAppraised Value of ImprovementsTotal Value of Lands and Improvements and amount to be paid to Head of each Family Total808,767¾8,767 753,879 3012,647 05 Thomas T. Hendrick6713$713 00$480 50$1,193 50 Robert Konkapot4490½490 50939 001,429 50 Timothy Tousse6642642 00135 00777 00 Elisha Konkapot6642642 0067 50709 50 Cornelius Charles7686686 00-686 00 Jonas Konkapot3321321 0056 25377 25 Levi Konkapot1107107 00384 00491 00 David Abrams2214214 00-214 00 Dolly Dockstander5597597 50168 75766 25 Eli Hendrick3321321 00238 25559 25 Simeon Konkapot3321321 00-321 00 Lydia Hendrick1107107 00305 00412 00 Thomas S. Branch1131½131 50-131 50 John Baldwin1107107 00-107 00 John W. Newcom5535535 00-535 00 Jonas Littleman1107107 00-107 00 Henry Skickett3321321 00-321 00 Betsy Bennet1107107 00-107 00 Peter Sherman1107107 00390 00497 00 David Calvin144½44 50-44 50 Eli Williams1107107 00-107 00 Catherine Littleman6642642 00-642 00 James Rain6642642 0040 00682 00 Big Deer1107107 00-107 00 Ziba T. Peters3246¼246 25144 30390 55 Cornelius Chemaucum2214214 00-214 00 And other heirs of Phebe Ducham-187½187 50530 75718...

Indian Cemetery Mailing Lists

Partly because of their age Indian Cemeteries can be difficult to locate unless they were on an Indian Reservation. Over the years many of the Indian Cemeteries have been desecrated or possibly moved. On these lists we welcome your transcriptions of Cemeteries, links to ones presently on line, or answers to other peoples questions about a grave in a cemetery. If you have transcribed a cemetery and would like to have that online and do not have web space, just ask and we will be pleased to provide you space.

Indian Genealogy

You research your Indian genealogy using the same technique you would for any other ancestry. Start with yourself and work your way back, no short cuts! Don’t start with Sacagawea, because somebody in your family says you’re related to her, and try to work your way forward. YOU need to step your way backward in time, documenting along the way, because you’ll never know how well the research was done before you. People research genealogy for several reasons, I do it because I want to know who came before me – your reason may be different. Please try Beginning Genealogy, where there are very basic steps to get you started, including forms. Keep in mind, along the way you may find information you don’t like, none of our families were or are perfect. These stories of my ancestors makes my search more intriguing. There are some additional facts you need to know in researching your Indian Genealogy: Name of the Person Today we don’t think about our name, our parents gave it to us. Many of our Indian ancestors had only one name. Their surname name was given to them, by agents of the US Government or chosen from a list.  Unlike the immigrants to Ellis Island, they were given little choice in their names. If you look at the 1817 Reservation Roll, you will see that many people on that list did not have two names. It would be difficult to prove relationship to anyone on this roll unless your family provided well documented information. Most of the tribes only had an oral history. I am not saying...

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